We all know the ill effects of smoking on
health. Smoking has more harmful effects when one is pregnant or is trying to
get pregnant. Smoking can affect the chances of conceiving by causing an impact
on the fertility. Read on to know how smoking impacts fertility.
There are a number of factors related to a woman’s lifestyle which can
affect her fertility. Medical research has proven that diet, body weight and
smoking can drastically affect the odds of conceiving. In this article you will
find information on how smoking
impacts fertility both in males and females.
Smoking and Male Fertility
Getting pregnant requires both egg and sperm, and male
health and fertility is as important as female health and fertility. A
research study has pointed out that smoking can lower a man’s sperm count on an
average by 17 percent. Following are some specific aspects of male sperm which
Sperm concentration refers to the number of sperm found in a measured quantity
of semen. Sperm concentration in smokers is 23% less than those who do not
Sperm motility refers to the swimming
capabilities of the sperm. Unless the sperm swims properly it will not be able
to reach and meet the egg for fertilisation. Sperm motility in smokers is known
to decrease by almost 13%.
c) Sperm morphology is basically the shape
Shape is important because odd shaped sperms will find it difficult to swim and
reach the egg. Studies have indicated that male smokers have fewer healthy
shaped sperm as compared to non-smokers.
Smoking and Female Fertility
In general infertility
is higher in women smokers as compared to non smokers. The time taken for
smoking women to conceive may be twice as long as normal women. Similarly women
seeking the help of assisted reproductive techniques to conceive often require
higher doses of medications to get the desired results.
It is not just direct smoking but also passive smoking which can cause
fertility issues in women. Passive smoke or second hand smoking can reduce the
rate of achieving pregnancy
in women who are undergoing fertility interventions.
A number of studies have linked smoking to early menopause in women. This is
because smoking results in premature depletion of the ovarian pool of oocytes
and premature aging of the ovary by one to four years. It can also cause harm
to the ovarian follicle. Ovarian aging is considered to be one of the major
factors responsible for unexplained infertility in a number of women.
In addition to increasing the odds of getting pregnant there are a whole lot
of health benefits of giving up smoking. Smoking can cause a great deal of harm
to an unborn baby in the womb. In both men and women, smoking has been linked
to an increased risk of many types of cancers, heart disease and emphysema.
Cigarette toxins take their toll not only on the lungs, but on the health of
the entire body, including the reproductive system.
Although smoking can cause long term damage to fertility, research has
indicated that the fertility rates can improve in smokers after a year of
quitting. Hence, it is best if women quit smoking at least a few months before
trying to conceive. This will help to improve the chances of conception, lower
the risk of miscarriage and not cause any kind of harm to the unborn baby.
Lastly it is important for both the male and female partners to quit smoking
if they are serious about having a baby. Both direct and passive smoking can
greatly affect the chances of getting pregnant.