Teenage pregnancy can affect an individual's life adversely. Read on to know the disadvantages of teenage pregnancy and how it can be prevented.
An unwanted teenage pregnancy is a significant problem worldwide. A girl getting pregnant in her teen years is likely to suffer from lots of physical and psychological problems. In developing countries like India she may have to confront many social issues. Teen pregnancy can become a cause of embarrassment for the family of the girl if the girl is not married. Life is not easy for a teenage mother and her child. Sometimes teenagers pre-plan the pregnancy but they are at high risks for health problems than girls who delay child bearing.
Risk factors of teenage pregnancy
Teenage pregnancy also referred as adolescent pregnancy is one that occurs from the puberty to the age of 19. Babies delivered by teenagers have several risk factors. Premature birth, birth of underdeveloped child, delivering a baby with low birth weight, blood pressure problems, low iron level in blood, threat of sexually transmitted diseases and hypertension are common risks factors regarding the teenage pregnancy.
Teenage pregnancy has higher rates of mortality for both mother and an infant. Overall, teenage pregnancies increase health complications. Most teenage girls get pregnant without an intention to conceive. No contraceptive is foolproof. Teenagers do not stop drinking, smoking or consuming drugs during pregnancy, thus harming their foetus.
Disadvantages of unwanted teenage pregnancy
In developing countries early marriage is the cause of the teenage pregnancy. Child marriages end in teenage pregnancy
making life difficult for mothers. In the case of unwed mothers, a boy
or man who impregnates the girl often stays out of the picture once he
gets to know about the outcome of their relationship. Several factors such as peer pressure, drug addiction, interplay of hormones during puberty can lead teenagers to develop early sexual relationships. Following are the consequences faced by teenage mothers.
Teenage mothers are most likely to dropout of the high schools or colleges without completing their education
Children of teenage mothers get minimum health care
In countries like India, a girl and her family are ridiculed in society
Getting financial security and raising their children becomes difficult for teenage mothers
Teenage pregnancy results in poor economic conditions and single parenting
Usually teenage fathers are not ready for and deny to take responsibility of their children
Children of teenagers are subject to abuse and neglect
Teenage mothers have to depend on their parents for financial and emotional support
How to prevent teenage pregnancy?
Teenagers are at a vulnerable stage of life. Their eagerness and
curiosity may lead them straight into lifetime problems. However, the
four As are the most popular options to deal with the teenage pregnancy.
Abstinence from sex before marriage can prevent the teenage pregnancy at large. Parents should not depend solely on schools to educate children about sex education. The forbidden fruit is often the sweetest but its consequences can be dangerous. Early sexual intercourse increases the risks of sexually transformed diseases including HIV- AIDS. Self-discipline is always better then regret.
Having safe sex by taking precautions is the best way to prevent unwanted early pregnancies. Parents should educate teenagers about various contraception methods. You are not encouraging your children to have sex by informing them about birth controls and sex. So be prompt and communicate.
Abortion is the most worthy option when it comes to the teenage pregnancy.
In most cases teenage girls are not capable of raising child due to
social, financial and physiological reasons. In western countries many teenage mothers do prefer to give birth to the child. Some may consider abortion. It is highly situational.
Adoption is another potential option. Sometimes diagnosis of pregnancy is done late. In rare cases abortion is not possible due to various medical reasons. There are many people who are ready to adopt children. Very few teenage mothers though opt for letting their child adopted. However adoption must take place through a legal process.
Teenagers who have no option but to give birth need to make many lifestyle changes to ensure healthy child birth.
In India if a girl bears child before marriage, she is subjected to
traumatic experiences. Life can change entirely and a young woman may
be forced to grow up before her time.
The only possible way to avoid teenage pregnancy is by awareness and communication. Be approachable and build your relationships on trust. Enlighten your children about the use of birth control methods and provide adequate sex education. Ignorance is not always bliss.
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- The Indiaparenting Team
What do you think about teenage pregnancy? Do you agree that teenage mother go through lots of problems? What can be done to prevent teenage pregnancy?
Hi this is the time when you need to take care of your daughter in the best ways or else you will land up into a lot of trouble. Yes this phase is quite difficult to handle if at all such things happe...
Hey Editor Teenage pregnancy is one of the worst things happening to the young girls these days.It is better to be in control of relations before marriage so that you can avoid such teenage pregnan...
Teenage pregnancy is a bad issue.It should never be entertained.Youngsters face a lot of problems with this issue.Make teenagers aware of disadvantages of teenage pregnancy....