Why is so much stress laid on a healthy diet (Dr. Rita Shah)
As you are the only source of nutrition for your unborn baby, your eating habits will affect your baby's health and well-being. In order to cope with the increased demands, your body needs a sufficient amount of nutrition. Poor eating habits can adversely affect your pregnancy and result in conditions like anaemia, pre-eclampsia, mood swings, fatigue, leg cramps, constipation, etc. It had been learnt that deficiency of some minerals like zinc is sometimes responsible for initiating premature labor.
How will my diet affect the baby
As long as there is no family history of medical diseases, eating the right kinds of foods will ensure that you have a healthy baby. A study conducted by the Harvard School of Public Health has shown how baby's health at birth is directly related to the mother's diet during pregnancy. Of the women who were on an excellent diet, 95% of them had healthy babies. Whereas, of the women thriving on junk food only 8% of them had healthy babies, and 65% had premature, malnourished, functionally immature or stillborn babies.
What are the implications of a poor diet
Every bite counts. Whatever an expectant mother eats or does not eat affects her child. Lack of folic acid in the first trimester increases the risk of spinal tube defects and lip and palate deformities. Lack of protein and calories in the last trimester could affect the development of the brain. To really grow well, your baby requires a well-balanced diet that includes vitamins, minerals, proteins and substantial calories for its all-round development.