hormonal contraception or the male pill is a revolution in birth control
methods where the responsibility of contraception lies with the man. Read on to
know the working of this male pill and its efficacy.
The male hormonal contraception is alternatively
known as the male pill or MHC. This is not yet marketed commercially but very
soon they would be available at the medical stores. The MHC works either
through injection or implantation. Researchers are working on several effective
formulations that vary from shots, implants, pills and gels. The safety factor
works at par with female birth
does it actually work?
Through the administration of the male hormonal
contraceptive, the production of the sperm
is completely blocked or drastically reduced. This can be accomplished through
the prevention of the secretion of the reproductive hormone of the man in his
brain itself. This then delivers the message to the testes. The testosterone
level in his testes plummets and the production of the sperm lessens or stops
There are some typical MHC formulations that can
effectively replace the testosterone to the blood stream of the man in order to
maintain the secondary masculine characteristics like the facial or body hair
and the muscular mass. These are of course gradually administered so as
normalise the entire procedure.
effectiveness of the MHC
The final objective of the MHC method is
Azoospermia. This is a state marked by the total absence of the sperm in the
ejaculation. Men who attain this condition are called Oligospermic.
They have less than one million sperm in every milliliter of their semen and
such a condition is medically termed infertile in the functional aspect.
Contrast this with a normal case where the male sperm contains anything between
the ranges of 200 to 20 million sperm per milliliter. This therefore makes the
efficacy of this contraceptive method as high as 99% and is regarded as a
better option compared to the popular usage of the female
factors that determine the effectiveness
The effectiveness of the MHC is dependent on the
formulation of the shot
manner in which it is delivered.
There can be various formulations that display their
respective level of effectiveness. For example the researchers are presently
working on formulation that can be effective on all Caucasian men and then
there is already a separate formulation that will be effective on all Asian
men, and so forth.
long does MHC take?
The efficacy of the treatment generally takes around
one and half to two and half months. When the spermagenesis is stopped, the
last spermatid that has been produced requires around a maximum of two and half
months to make its course ad travel out of the epididymis. There are certain
methods in the MHC which can moderately prevent the maturation of the
spermatid. And this takes just about a month and a half. Albeit, the mechanism
that halts this process is yet to be explained. Research is on in order to
provide satisfactory answers to several queries and clarify doubts.
This is a male
contraceptive option that people are eagerly looking forward to.
Researchers at several academic and non governmental institutions are working
on it for the past four decades. Recently the results of the tests were more
than satisfactory and it only awaits market exposure. Currently in order to
make it commercially available, a tie-up with a pharmaceutical company is
essential. A trial by the WHO on MHC was successfully concluded in 2008.