in children is now common. There are various causes of diabetes and the most
prominent being the genetic factors. Diabetes travels through genes. There are
other factors also that cause diabetes. Read on to know some other potent
causes of diabetes.
Almost 95% of the children who are diagnosed with diabetes
are found to suffer from Type 1 diabetes. This is the reason why this is also
known juvenile diabetes as it is usually diagnosed in children who are below
sixteen years of age.
However, there can be cases where the child is found
to suffer from type 2 diabetes as well. As of yet, there are no specific
factors that can be attributed as causes for the development of diabetes in
children. But there are a number of theories that explains through association
why a child could contract this disease. Given below are a few of them:
Diabetes is found to travel through the genes and
more so if any of the parents are suffering from the disease or are carriers of
the gene. If the any of the parents has type 2, the child is sure to have it,
but it is not the case with type 1. if the father has type 1 diabetes, the chances
of the child developing this disease is one in 17 cases, and if the mother has
type 1 diabetes, the probability factor is one in 25 cases.
And if both the parents have type 1 diabetes, the
child has a risk factor of 1 or 4 in ten cases. Then if any of the parents have
type 2 diabetes, the risk factor is one in seven and if both the parents are
affected, the child is likely to get affected by the disuses in one out of
every two cases.
Whether the child is diagnosed with diabetes
type 1 or type 2, environmental factors sure play a big role. If the child
does not have a healthy
eating habit and leads an unhealthy lifestyle, he is likely to contract
this disease. The balance of insulin in the body gets disturbed and goes for a
toss when the kid is living on a fast food diet that is rich in calories and
high in sugar.
The impact becomes a cause for concern when this is
combined with a sedentary lifestyle that is devoid of any significant physical
movement. This is why diabetes is termed as a lifestyle disease and is observed
to be more frequent in the current generation of children coming from well to
Amongst the other environmental factors, climate
also plays a role. It has been observed in several studies that the disease in
children gets triggered off in those living in cooler climatic regions. This
must not be considered as a cause as this is a mere correlation that has been
Children contracting diabetes through virus is not
very common. Although it has been observed that in certain cases when a child
has had viral infections like influenza,
mumps, measles, polio or rubella, the child went on to develop type 1 diabetes
in due course. But then it is also true that these children also had a history
of the incidence in their families. In other cases which is also extremely
rare, the child develops an injured pancreas caused by some trauma or the
action of toxins, also are found to develop diabetes.
This is a very potent cause for the development of
diabetes. It has been found in some studies that children who have cowâ€™s milk
since their infancy are exposed to the risk of the development of this disease
compared to the rest of children. The antigens in the milk results in the
depletion of the childâ€™s immune system by degenerating the tissues of the
pancreas that produce insulin.
Since diabetes is an autoimmune disease, this theory actually can be regarded
as a potent cause for diabetes.