Second trimester end marks many changes in the
baby and also changes in your body. Know about the changes that you might
expect at the end of your second trimester.
By the end of your second
trimester, you are twenty-six weeks
pregnant. You will notice that the foetus has grown quite busy now. He has
begun to suck, swallow, yawn and even do some cute little hiccups! He will be
moving a lot to get into the correct position, that is, a position that he is most
comfortable in. You will note that you are consistently piling on weight and
the baby also doubles its weight pretty fast. Your middle will expand visibly
and you will be carrying a baby weight about two pounds in your womb.
Here are some of the changes that you
might expect at this stage:
Changes in the Baby
By the end of the second trimester, the
foetus has grown about fourteen inches in length.
- The hands of the foetus have become very active along with the feet. The feet are now about 5 cm long.
- There is a marked progress in the hand and feet muscle coordination and the foetus has begun to suck his thumb into his mouth too! The sucking of the thumb is basically a calming action for the foetus and this simultaneously strengthens his cheek and jaw muscles.
- In the ultrasounds, you will see that the foetus has begun to open and close his eyes too.
- A significant development of the foetus is the commencement of the breathing movements, although he has not yet developed his lungs fully and there is no air in the lungs too.
- The foetus has become extremely responsive to touch by the end of the second trimester. As you touch your belly, he can actually feel your touch through the belly wall. You can in fact touch and play with the baby now.
- At this stage the growth of the auditory and visual system progresses as does the status of the brain.
- Another point to note is that the foetus at this stage has already formed its own routine of sleep and waking up, which is interestingly quite predictable.
Changes in Your Body
By the time you reach the end of your
second trimester, you will find a dramatic change: you will experience your
belly tightening and relaxing all of a sudden and at odd moments as well. This
phenomenon is clinically termed as Braxton Hicks contraction. These are
painless muscular contractions that are in fact indicative of the fact that the
body is preparing itself for the imminent delivery.
In some cases, it is found that the
pregnant woman experiences some of the early pregnancy symptoms at the end of
the second trimester too, like constipation and heartburn.
Apart from these, you will begin to develop varicose veins and the instability
of your emotional state may continue.
At the end of the second trimester, you
would have gained a fair amount of weight. As your belly grows in size, you
tend to feel the weight more and more on your back. Doctors suggest that the
mothers should practice some pelvic
exercises regularly under the guidance of
your doctor or a certified pregnancy exercise guide in order to relax the
spine. For this you need to stand with your back against a wall and bend your
knees very slightly. Now inhale your breath as you gently press your back
against the wall. Then slowly relax your back as you exhale. It is probable
that this exercise makes you feel a shortage of breath as your uterus is pretty
close to your rib cage at this stage. But you can be assured that this will not
harm the developing foetus in any way.