The chances of getting pregnant in infertile
couples with sperm donation are good provided the woman has no other anatomical
complications. Prior to insemination with donor sperm a series of treatment
procedures are carried out in the woman. Read on to get more information on
treatment process in sperm donation.
Prior to the sperm
donation, an extensive counseling session is carried out. After this the couple
(might be a heterosexual or lesbian) or the single woman is made to sign a
consent form that she is willingly undergoing this treatment and is fully aware
of all the possible risks. The sperms are already obtained from the donor and
are kept in the sperm bank.
Then a series of treatment procedures are carried out on
woman which is as follows.
Testing of Fallopian
Tube - The process commences with the testing of the fallopian tubes of the
woman. The physician requires at least one of the fallopian tubes to be in a
properly functioning state. This can be determined by the performance of either
Hysterosalpingogram or Laparoscopy.
Fertility Drugs - This is followed by the administration of a series of
fertility drugs in order to trigger the ovulation
process. Regular vaginal ultrasound scans are performed starting from the
eleventh day of the treatment cycle. This is to track the manner in which the
evolution of the egg is going on. It also helps to ascertain the exact time
when the rapidly maturing follicle would burst.
Frozen Sperm - As said earlier, insemination
is carried with frozen sperm. The one that is elected from the sperm bank is
supposed to be the best match with the physical traits of the husband or
according to the liking of the woman. The factors that are usually considered
are height, build, hair, eyes and skin color and ethnic origins along with the
Rh factor and blood group determination. Now a rechecking of the sperm sample
is done under the microscope to ensure that the sperm is actively motile.
The donor sperm is injected into the cervix of the woman
with the help of a plastic catheter after appropriate sterilisation. After this
process the woman is made to rest for about ten minutes. The husband is allowed
to stay with his wife during this insemination and at times, he is even asked
to conduct the insemination so that he can ‘feel’ involved. Medically there is
no problem if the couple wishes to have sex
soon after the process.
Awaiting the News of
Pregnancy - After the insemination is over, there is a two week waiting
period to ascertain that the procedure has been successful. It is indeed a
stressful period with the woman and couple as there is a lot of anticipation,
the woman has to cope with menstruation and desperation and eventually she is
blessed with the happy news of pregnancy.
Chances of pregnancy
are pretty decent with sperm donation. But is the woman has a history of
endometriosis, tubal infection or irregular menstrual cycles, they can negatively
impact a successful insemination. For a woman aged 25 years, there is 60%
chance of her getting pregnant, while if she happens to be around 38 years; the
chances fall to 20%. To attain a successful pregnancy with sperm donation,
approximately six treatment cycles are required. And not to forget a healthy
dose of patience!
After the woman gets pregnant, the situation is akin to any
other normal pregnancy. This means that there is the risk of miscarriage and
possible birth defects too. The couple can remain assured that in the birth
certificate of the child, only the name of them will be recorded as parents.
With sperm donation, utmost confidentiality is maintained and secrecy is
maintained regarding the identity of the patient and the donor. It is solely
the discretion of the parents to make the child aware of the circumstances of
his birth. Doctors and counselors advise to maintain this secrecy and it is the
parents who need to bear the burden of secrecy throughout their lives.