Register | Login
Sign in with:
---------- OR ----------
Create Account | Login
Create account
As a Member You Can:
  • Join clubs to discuss your interests
  • Connect with people like you
  • Share information, seek advice, get support

in Mumbai (change city)
Select City
  • All
  • Delhi
  • New Delhi
  • Gurgaon
  • Noida
  • Mumbai
  • Pune
  • Banglore
  • Hyderabad
  • Ghaziabad
  • Chandigarh
  • Ahmedabad
  • Kolkata
  • Chennai
  • Coimbatore
  • Jaipur
select‌ stage
Teen Issues Topics..

You are here : home > Teen Issues > They've hit Puberty > Puberty and Adolescence

Puberty and Adolescence

Puberty and Adolescence

Growing Pains

When people talk about puberty, teenagers and adolescence, the things that come to mind are: raging hormones, cracking voices, budding breasts, menstruation, cranky, rebellious teenagers, sprouting hair, acne, wearing bras for the first time, and razor knicks on fresh-faced youth.

The onset of puberty is the most obvious sign of 'growing up' physically. To put it more formally, puberty can be defined as "a biological or physiological process characterized by the maturation of the sexual organs and the appearance of secondary sexual characteristics." People often think that puberty and adolescence refer to the same thing. However, they refer to two different aspects of growing up. While puberty covers the physical, adolescence deals with the mental and has been described as a "psychosocial process characterized by mental and social growth, and often extending from puberty to the early 20s and sometimes beyond."

A question of hormones

When does this transformation begin? For girls it can happen any time between the ages of 8 and 12, while for boys it usually begins a couple of years later than girls. But there is no such thing as the right time. So there's no point wondering why she has breasts and you don't or why he's got a mustache and you don't. 

So what exactly happens? It's as if a switch clicks on in the brain and activates a section of the brain called the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus, in turn, triggers the pituitary gland to produce two hormones - follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). The pituitary gland also releases a growth hormone called somatotropin. 

FSH and LH are released cyclically in females and play a key role in the menstrual cycle. They stimulate the ovaries to secrete estrogen and progesterone and are responsible for the growth of the egg in the ovary. 

In the case of males, these hormones target the testes, which are responsible for the production of sperm and testosterone. The hypothalamus and pituitary gland monitor the level of testosterone in the blood and produce more or less releasing factors to raise and lower the testosterone levels as required. 

First bras and new razors

While all this is happening on the inside, what's going on on the outside? As a result of all this hormonal activity, girls' breasts get bigger and it's time to buy their first bras; they become more hairy, especially in the pubic area and they begin to menstruate. Boys, on the other hand, suddenly shoot up in height, downy fuzz appears on their chins and upper lips attempting to pass off as a beard and mustache; their voices crack at the most crucial and embarrassing moments; and finally, their penises and testes grow.  

Emotional roller coaster

Most adolescents are uncomfortable and self-conscious about their growing breasts and suddenly awkward limbs. They feel that people are looking at them differently. Every pimple seems magnified a hundred times and girls hunch over trying to conceal their growing bust lines.  To make matters worse, most parents are at a loss when faced with their children's budding sexuality. They cannot accept the fact that their 'babies' are talking and thinking about sex. As a result, adolescents are ecstatic one minute, irritable and moody the next. On one hand, they display a newfound maturity in keeping with their 'adult' status. On the other, they throw tantrums that could rival a three-year-old.

Puberty and adolescence bring with them a lot of emotional baggage. People in their adolescent years feel like they are in a twilight zone, hanging somewhere in the middle of childhood and adulthood. It's as if they're sitting on an emotional seesaw, feeling 'up' one minute, down the next; feeling old on some days, and like a child on others. It is a difficult time, but it makes one feel better to think that everyone goes through it. 

You may also be interested in:

Conversation Skills
My Teenage Daughter
Rude Teens
Puberty and Adolescence
Save Edit
Sort by Newest


spazz.6 years ago
I wonder sometimes whether there is a way in which we could ensure security of the emotional wellbeing of our adolescent children?
lily.6 years ago
Kids shouldn't be surprised with blood spots or through friends.Its the parents that need to tell the daughters about menstrual flow before they get it.I gave my daughter the talk along with a lil kit,that had everything she will need during her periods.I even got her adira period panties since i don't want her to have embarrassing days at school.
yssubramanyam.7 years ago
most of the parents are not aware of their children sensitivity. children above 10 must be viewed /seriously/
carefully. couple should never enter in to bed room, under estimating the child's awareness. have a vigilant observation. puberty is a physical, but mentally they are craving before age. i have studied a lot in my experience. i am dealing with children since i am coaching maths to higher classes. please be cautious.
geeta.10 years ago
i sad
sat.10 years ago
how we can guess ,when the girl starts her menses ,when breast started coming up and some hair
johnhim.10 years ago
i love that
anu.10 years ago
could any one tell me what food do we need to give when the girl gets her menses for the first time
akanksha.10 years ago
its embarassing.
Doctor Jyot
Doctor Jyot.10 years ago
let all the parents understand the growth-spurt during puberty of their son/daughter. give enough nutritional foods to build the bones and muscles for proper height and weight. body image can be enhanced during teenage for overall personality development.
visit teennparents
load more comments
Back to Previous Page | More on Teen Issues Index


To access this article enter Email Id

*No spam only genuine emails
Follow us on:

Featured Articles - Infertility | Baby Development | Health and Fitness | How to Get Pregnant | Parenting Advice | Weight Loss | Pregnancy Advice | Name Numerology
Baby - Baby Photo Contest | Lucky Names | Lucky Birthdates | Horoscopes | Chinese Calendar | Compatibility Test | Fun Zone
Parenting - Message Boards | Planning a Baby | Pregnancy | Parents of Babies | Baby Names | Baby Name Poll | Birth Announcements | Parenting Quiz
Family - Cooking Club | Love & Relationships | Beauty Tips | Kids Weight Calculator | Recipe Maker
General - Calorie Counter | Personality Quiz | Love Signs | Compatibility Quiz