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You are here : home > Pregnancy > Related Articles for Pregnancy > Antenatal Care

Antenatal Care

Antenatal Care

By - Dr. Malpani

Take care to be born well.
- George Bernard Shaw 
We are all familiar with the adage: 'Be good to your baby before it is born'. This aphorism serves to emphasize the importance of medical care during pregnancy (known as antenatal care). However, in reality, the best time to start taking care of your unborn baby is even before you conceive! Such care is called pre-pregnancy or pre-conception care.

Why is this care so important? Remember, that the foetal organs are actively developing during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy (this crucial period is called 'organogenesis'.) The embryo is highly susceptible to external insults during this time, so that any damage can lead to crippling birth defects. 

The beauty about pre-pregnancy care is that it is so simple. All that is involved is visiting your doctor before you are planning to get pregnant, rather than after you've missed your menstrual period! The doctor normally undertakes the following procedures: (1) takes a medical history; (2) carries out a physical examination; and (3) performs some simple laboratory tests. These procedures are inexpensive and easy to conduct and signify examples of preventive medicine at its best!

Nipping problems in the bud

Pre-pregnancy care also leads to other benefits. For instance, it allows the doctor (duly assisted by you) to identify problems and rectify them. If, on the other hand, these problems were to be spotted only after you became pregnant, detailed testing can become very difficult, because the very presence of the delicate embryo can impede testing. The harsh reality is that not all problems are preventable, but you can, nevertheless, increase your chances of having a healthy baby by identifying the risks you face and trying to eliminate them, if possible. After all, most doctors go in for a battery of tests before performing major surgery, to make sure that the patient is healthy enough to withstand the stress generated by the operation and the anesthesia. Pregnancy can also stress the body, and it is important to screen the woman for potential problems before she embarks on one of the most important journeys she will ever make!

The most important precaution to be taken is to ensure a regular intake of a vitamin called folic acid. Folic acid greatly reduces the chances of your baby being born with spina bifida (a developmental anomaly affecting the spinal cord) or anencephaly (without a brain) if taken before you become pregnant and during the first six weeks of pregnancy. This vitamin is now routinely prescribed in many countries in the West to prevent many birth defects.

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Bhavik.7 years ago
Antenatal care is very important but it is mostly neglected. I appreciate this article as it has laid emphasis on the need of antenatal care.
deepika.9 years ago
DoDad.9 years ago
while i enjoyed the wisdom passed on here, i think that animated headers image of a new life suspended by the ankles by a rubber gloved hand is not the image that compliments this site but rather it tends to undermine its worth by using an icon that harkens back to an era of ignorance. a time of mythinformation that also foisted c-sections, infnat formula, baby bottles and pacifiers upon the uninformed.

my thought for what they are worth.

thank you for a site that strives to enlighten, inform and promote more natural and healthy harmony in the world.

an advocate of
natural nurturing— conception, birth, nutrition of the milk of human kindness and the elixir of life through vital touch and holding our babies in their primal year and beyond for a safer, happier, healthier world of people in peace.
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