A child may be suffering from learning disability, if he is unable to read, write or learn properly at a specific age. Learning disability when specific to reading is known as dyslexia. A dyslexic child finds it difficult to read the written or printed letters. A dyslexic child can be easily recognized by observing him. Dyslexic children can lead a normal life with proper medical care and counseling. Read more about learning disability.
A child learns to read, spell and write words and sentences at a given pace. This means that there are several developmental milestones that a child reaches gradually as she or he grows up. You get to know that a child is having learning based disability when you notice that the child is not really matching up to what he should have learnt at his given age. It is also important for parents to understand this point that every child learns at his own pace and nothing should be viewed as a hard and fast rule.
Symptoms of Learning Disability
If the learning disability is specified to reading, it is known as dyslexia. Children who have learning disability are also found to have speaking problems or speech problems as well. This is due to the fact that there is a direct relationship between the written and spoken language. Usually a child suffering from dyslexia finds it extremely difficult to read the written or the printed word. And if this dyslexia is a part of the larger learning disability, find it hard to deal with both the written or spoken word.
Here are a Few Observations that Can Act as Pointers:
The Child Cannot Express Ideas Clearly
Their feeling is like they have the words at the tip of the tongue but they just wont come out in the form or at all, when they want to. Communication becomes vague as the child is prone to use words like â€˜thingâ€™ or â€˜stuffâ€™ to replace words that they are unable to remember. They also use a lot of fillers like â€˜aaaâ€™ or â€˜ummâ€™ as they try to remember the word.
They Find it Difficult to Learn New Vocabulary, Numbers and Letters
Things that are taught in classrooms, words or numbers that the teacher writes on the board or the writing on the text books are difficult for them to understand. This is why they also cannot recall the numbers in proper sequence. They cannot remember telephone numbers. They find it difficult to learn the alphabet and numbers. Likewise they also cannot learn the words of a song or the lyrics of a rhyme.
- They do not readily understand questions or follow directions. While the directions can be precise or the questions can be clear, but still they find them confusing.
- When a story is read out to them, they cannot retain the details of the story-line or characters in their memory. Similarly they do not remember or understand whatever the teacher says in the classroom.
- They cannot understand that a particular sound corresponds to a certain letter and therefore are unsure of the pronunciation of alphabets and words. They also end up mixing the up the letters and this compounds the learning issue. This also makes them poor with spellings.
- They cannot tell time for the same reason. They fail to understand numbers, calculate and associate these numbers can correspond to a certain time of the day.
- They find it difficult to distinguish the right side from the left and are therefore poor with directions.
The best person to decide whether a child is suffering from this disability or not, is a child behavioral specialist. And it is also wrong to conclude that people with learning disability are not smart. Rather people with learning disability have been found to have normal to superior intelligence levels. So it is advisable that parents observe their kids and seek expert advice accordingly. The problem can surely be redressed with proper medical care, counseling and patience.