Surrogate pregnancy gives rise to many social, ethical and emotional issues. It is very difficult for the surrogate mothers to overcome the emotional issues associated with the pregnancy. Surrogate mothers may also have to face social stigma. Read on to know the ways of dealing with the ethical issues of surrogate pregnancy.
Surrogate pregnancy is considered to be the converse of artificial insemination. Couples suffering from infertility problems resort to this procedure where the husband donates his sperm to artificially inseminate another woman who is willing to bear the embryo and complete the full term of the pregnancy. She also agrees to handover the baby after its birth. This entire procedure has turned out to be an attractive procedure for women who are unable to give birth, and the women who volunteer to become surrogate mothers are serving this pregnancy term in lieu of money.
The Issues of Surrogate Pregnancy
There are many issues concerning surrogate pregnancy as this is basically a sort of deal that has prominent commercial aspect to it. This issues get further magnified and the situation often turn out to be hugely compounded as the language that defines the dealing is rather limited and restricted. These in fact come across as potential trouble spots after the conception takes place and can escalate after the birth of the baby or when the surrogate mother completes her full term of pregnancy. There are expectations and fears that add on to the moral and legal implications.
Emotional Issues of Surrogate Pregnancy
During this term of surrogacy, the couple who has decided to obtain the services of a woman who is willing to bear their child undergoes a whole lot of emotional upheavals. It often starts with frustration and culminates into agony. The wife may fail to come in terms with the fact that her husband is actually inseminating another woman. She might get psychologically stressed out in spite of the anticipation of becoming a mother. This can well create problems in her relationship with her spouse. The husband too might feel that he is lacking in faith in this process. The crushing disappointments in relationships are the usual follow thorough of surrogate pregnancy.
Social Stigma of Surrogate Pregnancy
The recipient couple must face a withdrawn social attitude after the birth of the baby. Most people view this procedure as a sort of ‘baby bartering’. They are not concerned about the possible reasons that compelled the couple to opt for this alternative. This happens because at the end of it all, it is money that decides the price of the service.
This again has another problem to it. The woman who has consented to become a surrogate mother has to face a social stigma of offering services similar to a prostitute. The process of artificial insemination is not very commonly known amongst people. So there is a possibility that the woman stands to live on the fringes of the society during and even after the delivery of the child.
According to the findings of the various studies conducted by social scientists, it has been observed that women opt for surrogate pregnancy due to the following reasons:
- Since in most cases, they are from the underprivileged class of the society, they are naturally in need of money. This means that they are doing it for money.
- It has also been observed that women who agree to surrogacy are fascinated with the idea of having a child. They are thrilled by the process and the entire chapter of pregnancy and motherhood gives them a sort of high.
- It can also be the case that the woman who becomes a surrogate mother is extremely compassionate and co-operative at heart. She feels the pain of the other woman who cannot become a mother due to fertility issues and are ready to help them experience the joys of motherhood by conceiving the child on their behalf.
- The sentimental and maternal instinct provokes the woman to agree to surrogate pregnancy.