Surrogacy is a complex issue involving the commissioning couple and the surrogate mother. There are certain criteria that need to be fulfilled for choosing a woman for surrogacy. A comprehensive evaluation of the woman is done before she is chosen for surrogacy. Read on to know about the criteria for surrogate pregnancy.
All surrogate pregnancies must be carried out under the medical supervision of a registered clinic. Certain norms are followed that makes the surrogate pregnancy
a smooth and safe one. This procedure is very important as the lives of a lot of people are concerned with this infertility option.
The woman and her partner and immediate family who have consented to become a surrogate mother and the couple who have commissioned the surrogacy are the most affected people. Personal, family, surgical issues in the family are aspects that need to be carefully recorded and monitored before deciding to choose a woman for surrogacy.
Health Criteria for Surrogate Pregnancy
Have a quick look at the health criteria for surrogate pregnancy.
The age of the surrogate should be between twenty-one to thirty five years. They ought to be married with children. The deliveries should be normal and the babies born should also be healthy.
Obstetric History -
A fair obstetric history is very important for a surrogate mother. It is preferable if the woman has not undergone a number of miscarriages. Then during the culmination of her previous pregnancies, it is also vital that there are no cases of ante-natal, intra-natal and post-natal complications.
Blood Transfusion History -
A thorough check of the surrogate’s blood transfusion history is done. It is also important to ensure whether the woman is addicted to any drugs or other habits that might render a negative impact on her surrogate pregnancy. Along with woman and her partner is also made to undergo a stringent screening for a wide array of infectious diseases like STDs (sexually transmitted diseases), Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, HIV and VDRL. A Thalassemia
check is also done.
Pelvic Sonography -
is another medical aspect that needs to be taken care of. There are several other tests that can ascertain the uterine receptivity status of the woman. These are important tests that can assure success of the surrogate pregnancy.
In India, there is a practice of matching the ovulation cycle of the genetic and the surrogate mother. For this the menstruation dates of the two women are adjusted with the aid of oral contraceptive pills. During the commencement of the cycle, the surrogate is administered estrogen tablets so as to condition the uterus for pregnancy.
The Weight Issue
A balanced weight is very important in the aspect of any pregnancy, even surrogate pregnancy. Majority of the clinics allows the surrogate mother to be slightly overweight. But there are certain clinics that never allow the lady to be overweight at any given point of her pregnancy. It is always advisable to lose the extra flab before going for surrogacy so that the pregnancy does not enter into any complications. For overweight surrogates, a loss of 5% of the total body mass can contribute a great deal.
Mental Health of Surrogate Mother
If the surrogate woman has a history of mental ailments, it can be a deterrent in this commercial pregnancy aspect. If the woman happens to be on medication or any sort of drugs for her mental ailments, chances for her getting considered as a surrogate mother are very less.
Addiction in Surrogate Mothers
For surrogacy, a woman who smokes does not happen to be a natural choice. But if the genetic parents agree to it, there can be exceptions to this rule too. Sometimes if the partner of the surrogate or any other member of her family happens to smoke indoors, it exposes the fetus inside of the harmful effects of second hand smoke.