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Pregnancy Topics..

You are here : home > Pregnancy > Medical Aspects of Pregnancy > Migraine drugs

Migraine drugs

If you develop migraines during pregnancy, you must avoid taking any migraine drug without consulting your obstetrician. Read on to know more about the migraine drugs and tips for preventing migraine during pregnancy.

Migraine headaches are quite different from the tension or stress headaches. If you are prone to getting migraines, there are chances of you experiencing stronger headaches in pregnancy or it may disappear altogether as well. In some cases you may develop migraines for the first time when you are pregnant. Healthcare professionals have established a correlation between hormones and migraines. Here we shall take a closer look.

What are Migraines?

The headache in this case starts out dull and then turns into a constant pulsating pain on the base and front of the head. Sometimes it is also linked with aura and nausea. Some also notice flashes of lines or dots in front of them. Chances of you experiencing blind spots or a tunnel vision cannot be ruled out also in this case.

Migraine Drugs during Pregnancy

Derivatives of ergot alkaloids are potent vasoconstrictors and first alpha-adrenoreceptor blocking agents in the acute management of migraine and related vascular headaches, but not for prophylaxis. Ergotamine and ergot derivatives induce uterine contractions and may therefore cause premature labour.  Products containing ergotamins or ergot derivatives should therefore be avoided as far as possible during pregnancy.

Acetaminophen is generally considered the right medicine for pain relief in pregnancy. However, before you decide what is right for you, let your obstetrician decide the right solution for you. Generally, you must not take anything when pregnant without consulting an obstetrician. Again, it should be avoided when you are nearing delivery, as it can increase your chances of bleeding.

Continuous tripant doses may be harmful in pregnancy. Although there is no conclusive evidence supporting this, it is better to take this only under medical supervision or your obstetrician.

In case you are looking for anti-sickness medicines during pregnancy to deal with your migraine pains, your obstetrician may advice you to use prochlorperazine, chlorpromazine and buclizine. Make sure that these medications are used only under supervision of your obstetrician to avoid risks during pregnancy.

Metoclopramide and Domperidone are also advised by obstetrician during pregnancy. However, these can be used only after the initial 3 months. Your doctor shall examine you and prescribe the best possible medicine in right dose. So do not take such medicines without consulting your obstetrician.

In case you are looking for preventive treatments, your obstetrician may advice low doses of propranolol as it is effective to lower any possible risks in pregnancy.

Dangers of Migraine in Pregnancy:

There are no dangers as such associated with migraine in pregnancy. However, you must always call your doctor in the following cases:In case you experience blurred vision frequently

  • If your headache persists for more than a day or returns frequently.
  • If you experience fever with migraines.

Probable Triggers of Migraine

Migraines are generally caused by triggers. Some of the possible triggers that you can avoid are as follows:

  • Coffee
  • Cheese
  • Strong smells
  • Chocolate
  • Stress
  • Loud noise
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Acidity

Remember, triggers may not be same for all. Identify the factors that trigger migraine in you and try to maintain a headache diary.

Migraines generally tend to get worse in the first 3 months of pregnancy. You may not feel like eating or drinking due to morning sickness that might eventually dehydrate you and lower your blood sugar level as well. Migraine can get worse if you are not careful. Make sure to eat in small amounts and keep yourself hydrated. This shall be an effective way to reduce risks related to pregnancy sickness.

The good news is that there is no evidence of any effects of migraine in your pregnancy. It neither harms you or the baby developing inside you.

Common and effective home remedies that you can try are as follows:

  • Biofeedback
  • Exercise (under supervision of an expert).
  • Enjoy a shower
  • Take a nap switching off all lights
  • Apply cold towel on
  • Try other relaxation methods like yoga or meditation under expert’s supervision.
You can get some relief by applying hot and cold towel alternatively on your head. You can look for the hot and cold packs available in different shapes. Since medicines are never completely free from side effects, it is always better to consult an obstetrician or rely on these simple home remedies for some relief.

Why is migraine common in pregnancy? What are common triggers of migraine? What are the effects of taking migraine drugs during pregnancy? Discuss here.

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Patricia.5 years ago
nice and brief article....
Kiane.5 years ago
i am having severe headaches. i only use external applications for pain relief. i want to know which medicines are safe during pregnancy
Debbie.5 years ago
my sister is suffering from migraine and the frequency has increased ever since she became pregnant. can she continue with her migraine medications?
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