The contraceptive injections are long term methods of contraception. They contain a hormone that helps any woman not conceive till she desires. These injections are for both, men and women. Though it seems a very easy and one of the best options, it is not free from side effects.
The main function of the hormones injected through these injections is to stop the sperms from reaching the egg in men and stopping the ovaries release one egg each month for women. These hormones also stop the egg to settle in the womb. The injection is given in the muscle and the hormone gets released from there slowly. The injection has to be taken at regular intervals.
Side Effects of Contraceptive Injections in Women
Generally it takes almost three months for any body to get used to the hormone that is released. Following are the side effects of contraceptive injection in women.
- Excessive and prolonged bleeding
- Spotting is also seen
- Skin reactions
- Weight gain
- Reduces bone density
Less Common Side Effects Contraceptive Injections in Women
Here are some uncommon side effects of contraceptive injection in women.
- Change in sex drive
- Change in appetite
- Hair loss
- Increased hair on body and face
- Skin rashes
- Spotty darkening of skin
- Mood swings
- Breast tenderness
Disadvantages of Contraceptive Injections to Men
Following are the disadvantages of male contraceptive injections.
- The jab does not save them from getting infected with any sexually transmitted diseases
- In some men, the sperm count does not get lowered and the planning may fail
- If there occurs any kind of side effect, it takes years to get rectified in men
- Women have to rely on their male partners for the contraception issue
Facts to be Learned Beforehand
Contraceptive injections do not save anyone from any kind of sexually transmitted disease. So, couple who are in a new relationship should avoid this and use condoms to be on the safe side. Secondly, contraceptive injections do not suit all. There are various reasons why these injections are not fit for all.
Who Should Avoid the Contraceptive Injection?
The contraceptive injections should be avoided in the following circumstances.
- Those who do not want any change in their periods or had problems regarding menstrual cycle
- Suffering from any kind of cancer in reproductive organs
- Suffering from severe depression
- Gone through a heart attack or stroke
- Any kind of liver disease
- Unexpected vaginal bleeding problem
- Those looking forward to have a baby next year
Precautions for Contraceptive Injections
- Consult a doctor before going for the decision
- Get pregnancy tests done beforehand because the injection should not be given to a pregnant woman
- You should be sure that you want long term contraception
- The jab cannot be removed from the body and so you should be prepared to face any kind of side effect
Once you have decided to opt for the contraceptive injection, you should be particular in getting the jab injected regularly. This is very important because contraceptive injections can be less or not effective if you do not have the next one on time.
Women who have reduced bone density should not use this form of contraception as this will increase the risk. Though there is no question on the effectiveness of contraceptive injections, be it for men or women, it is always better to consult a good doctor before opting for one.
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