Allahuma salli ala Muhammadin wa - ala - Ale Muhammad
O God! Shower thy blessings on Muhammad and the descendents of Muhammad
Eid-e-Milad is here and its time to celebrate. It is time to remember the teachings of the Prophet and follow the mission the Prophet dedicated all his life to.
Eid-e-Milad is celebrated in the memory of Prophet Muhammed. The Holy Prophet was born on the twelfth day of Rabi-ul-Awwal in 570 C.E Saudi Arabia, Mecca. Rabi-ul-Awwal is the third month of the Muslim year. Eid-e-Milad is both, a time to rejoice and a time to mourn, since the Prophet passed away on the same day.
The tradition of celebrating the Holy
Prophet's birthday on a large scale began in Egypt by the Prophet's
descendants, through his daughter Fatima. It was celebrated mainly by
religious scholars and religious establishments. They gathered to hear
sermons, distributed sweets, alms and particularly honey, the Prophet's
Eid-e-Milad is also called Maulid, since it is Prophet Muhammed's Eid
and the song sung in praise of the Prophet's birth is called a Maulud.
From the Middle Ages, it was believed that, listening to the recitation of Maulud has not only worldly but heavenly rewards too.
This festival is also referred to as, 'Barah Wafat' which stands for the twelve days of sickness of the Prophet,
before he passed away. The day is for both mourning and celebrating.
The Sunni sect and the Shia sect have a different take on the ways of
celebrating of this day.
Celebrations by Shia Muslims
Shia Muslims celebrate this day to remember that Prophet
Muhammed chose Hazrat Ali as his successor at Gadhir-e-Khumm. This
occasion symbolises the Habillah (the chain of imamat or the next
leader). Eid-e-Milad and Eid-al-Gadhir are two names for marking the
same day, for two different reasons.
Eid-e-Milad or Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi - This name is used to mark the Prophet's birth and death anniversary.
Eid-al-Gadhir - This name is used to mark the handing over of
the spiritual rein to Hazrat Ali at Gadhir-e-Khumm. (The route between
Syria and Yemen)
On this day, believers gather to recite special prayers for thanksgiving to Allah
for his favours and sending Prophet Muhammed to the world, with his
message to guide the people. People attend lectures and recitations on
the Life and Instructions of the Holy Prophet. Poetry or Naats are recited after prayers and sweets are distributed amongst the poor.
Shia Muslims also mourn on this day as it is also the day when the Holy Prophet passed away.
Bohra Muslims, a part of the Shia sect, too celebrate the twelve days
of Rabi-ul-Awwal with prayers and by listening to recitals. Prayers are
conducted in mosques for all twelve days. Many Bohras perform Zyarat (a
form of prayer that is performed as a meeting with the one you are
Celebrations by Sunni Muslims
Prayers are held throughout the month. On the twelfth day of the month Muslims remember the Holy Prophet and his teachings. Mourning on this day
is not practiced at all because according the Sunni Muslims believe
that mourning for the dead beyond three days hurts the departed soul.
In India, people carry out processions chanting praises of the Holy
Prophet and Imam Hazrat Ali. These processions are decorated with
fruits, flowers or even scenes depicting religious sites, episodes and
figures. The sweet dish 'Kheer' (sweet porridge made of rice) is prepared as a tradition in Muslim homes.
Whereas in Saudi Arabia prayers are held, sweets are prepared and the Prophet is remembered through his words.
The 'Urs' or 'Sandal'
This ceremony, performed in some parts of India, is nothing but a
procession. The Prophet's symbolic representation is placed in a glass
casket and carried out as a procession.
The symbolic footprints of the Holy Prophet engraved in stone, a representation of the buraq and the horse, which are believed to have ascended to the heaven with the Prophet,
are kept near the footprints and anointed with sandal paste. The glass
casket is elaborately decorated. Marsiyas and elegies are sung while
the procession is carrying on. This ceremony is the 'Urs' or 'Sandal'
The religion of Islam celebrates three different Eids, Eid-ul-Fitr (Ramzan Eid), Eid-ul-Zuha (Bakri Eid) and Eid-e-Milad (Prophet Muhammed's Birthday). All these stand for different occasions. Muharram is the Islamic New Year, it is not a time for merry-making and celebration but a time to remember the sacrifices of the holy ones.
How does your family celebrate Eid-e-Milad? Do you know the story of the Holy Prophet Mohammed? Do you prepare some special cuisine on this day?
the article was very informative with a good illustrations. would love to read more and more in this website ...
This is a very informative article. I have been asking a lot of people about Eid-e-Milad but they don' t answer anything more than that it' s the Prophet' s birthday. Some don' t even know which Prop...
I think Saba has a point, Islam is a religion that preaches peace. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked by the leader of the Quraish tribe before he lifted the ban on the Prophet (s.a.w) and...