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You are here : home > Child's Healthcare > Basics of immunization > Things You Should Know About Hib Vaccination

Things You Should Know About Hib Vaccination


It is very important to give Hib vaccination to babies as per the schedule prescribed by a paediatrician. Let us take a look at the importance of Hib vaccination.

Hib vaccination is given as prevention against meningitis which is an infection in the membrane covering the spinal cord and brain. This infection is caused by viruses and bacteria. There are different types of meningitis and the Hib meningitis is one of them. This particular meningitis is caused by Haemophilus influenzae, type B bacteria. This is generally fatal for the small children and has already caused a number of deaths among children under the age group of 5 years around the globe.

With the help of Hib vaccine, almost all the developed countries have managed to fight against this dangerous disease among kids, however, it is not fully eradicated from the poorer nations. The Hib vaccination is very much effective and this vaccination can protect your little one from the disease to a great extent.


What is Hib disease?

A persistent bacterial reaction where the germ usually spreads in the germ-free parts of the patient’s body, meningitis, is a membrane which covers the brain and the spinal cord. It causes severe fever, coma and eventually death. And even if the child survives, he or she is usually left with brain damage and other harsh nerve related issues. It can lead to paralysis and blindness as well. Hib can also cause epiglottises, pneumonia, and other breathing related difficulties.


Few benefits of Hib vaccine

  • It protects the kids less than 5 years of age against meningitis.
  • The vaccine has dropped the rate of Hib in children by 99% since 2009.
  • Getting the dose on schedule is very important and acts as a protecting guard around the children.
  • This is also known as conjugate vaccine and is very safe.


Recommended schedule for Hib vaccine

The children should be given three to four doses of Hib vaccination.

  • At 6 weeks
  • At 10 weeks
  • At 14 weeks
  • Between the age of 12 and 18 months a booster dose is given 

It is very much important to follow the schedule of giving the vaccination to your kids as children below 2 years of age are most vulnerable to attract the meningitis virus. However, if you have missed out on the preferred schedule, do talk to your baby’s doctor and fix a catch-up schedule as soon as possible.


Who should not get the Hib vaccine?

Hib vaccine should not be given to the children below the age of 6 weeks. Also, if a child had developed allergic reactions after getting the Hib vaccine, it is not recommended for him or her in the future.

Babies who have fever or other ailments and need time to be completely fit should wait for the Hib vaccine. The child should be completely well while taking the vaccine shot. This way, the baby will be able to tolerate the vaccine, without any side effects.

Is there any possible side effects?

Around 30% of the children have complained about pain, swelling and redness near the vaccine shot area. Fever and irritation is also a common side effect of the Hib vaccination. However, nothing to worry about as these will last only for two to three days. Some allergic reactions may appear after any kind of vaccination and if your child gets any, you should immediately consult your doctor.

This vaccination is absolutely safe and can be given with other vaccinations like TDaP, etc. the Hib vaccination is given to the child as one of the most important vaccinations after birth. You must follow the vaccination schedule prescribed by your child’s paediatrician to give Hib vaccination as well as the other important vaccinations.  

What is the importance of giving Hib vaccination? When is Hib vaccination given? What to do if Hib vaccination is missed? Discuss here.

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