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Adoption Topics..

You are here : home > Adoption > Private Contracts vs. Legal Adoption > Adoption Rules in India

Adoption Rules in India

Are you considering adopting a child? Here are some of the basic rules you need to know about this process.

Who is allowed to adopt a child?

In India, an Indian, Non Resident Indian (NRI), or a foreign citizen may adopt a child. There are specific guidelines and documentation for each group of prospective adoptive parents. A single female or a married couple can adopt a child. In India, a single male is usually not eligible to be an adoptive parent. An exception to this rule is the noted dance instructor Sandip Soparrkar, who has recently adopted a young boy. This is a special case rather than the norm. A single man desiring to adopt a child may be eligible if he applies through a registered agency. However, he will still only be able to adopt a male child.

What are the conditions to be fulfilled by an adoptive parent?

An adoptive parent should be medically fit and financially able to care for a child. A person wishing to adopt a child must be at least 21 years old. There is no legal upper age limit for parents but most adoptive agencies set their own benchmarks with regard to age. For a child who is less than a year old, the adoptive parents can have a maximum combined age of 90 years. Also, neither parent must be older than 45 years.

In the case of adoption of older children, the age of the parents may be relaxed accordingly. For example, for a one-year-old child, the age limit is 46 years, for a two-year-old child, it is 47 years and so on. The upper age limit for an adopted child is 12 years while for an adoptive parent it is 55 years. In the case of an adopted child with special needs, the age limit may be relaxed marginally by the state government, depending on the evaluation of the case. However, in all cases, the age of the parent cannot exceed 55 years.

What are the laws governing adoption?

Indian citizens who are Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, or Buddhists are allowed to formally adopt a child. The adoption is under the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act of 1956. Under this act, a single parent or married couple are not permitted to adopt more than one child of the same sex. Foreign citizens, NRIs, and those Indian nationals who are Muslims, Parsis, Christians or Jews are subject to the Guardian and Wards Act of 1890. Under this act, the adoptive parent is only the guardian of the child until she reaches 18 years of age.

Foreign citizens and NRIs are supposed to formally adopt their child according to the adoption laws and procedures in the country of their residence. This must be carried out within two years of the individual becoming a child's guardian. There is also a Juvenile Justice Act of 2000, a part of which deals with adoption of children by non-Hindu parents. However, this act is applicable only to children who have been abandoned or abused and not to those children who have been voluntarily put up for adoption.

Can a parent ask for a specific child?

An adoptive parent is allowed to ask for a child, as per her preferences. For example a parent may ask for a child of a certain age, gender (if it is the first child in the family), skin colour, religion, special features, health condition, etc. However, greater the specifications, more difficult it is to find a child who conforms to them. This restricts the pool of children available for adoption.

Depending on the adoptive parent's desired details, children are scrutinised to find a suitable match. When a child with the desired characteristics is found, she is shown to the prospective parents. In case the parents are unhappy with the selection, about two more children with the same characteristics may be presented to the parents.

The entire adoption process takes some months to complete. However, when all the hurdles are cleared, you are ready to welcome your new child to the family.

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Adoption Rules in India
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Avinash.4 days ago
Hello Sir/Madam, i m 40 years old, (Male) and legally, wanted to adopt a child, please let me the procedure or contact me on emailĀ ****@****.com or contact me on **********, please if any one is reading this, please help.
Families of Joy.2 weeks ago
Get complete details on Adoption in India at *****.com and subscribe to our You Tube channel : *****.com for informative videos around adoption.
Ramesh chand.1 month ago
hello sir/madam,we have no child after 16 yrs of marriage due to 8 times miscarriage in elapsed year. I am 45 yrs old and my wife is 41 yrs old.we want to adopt boy child .kindly convey procedure and guide accordingly.R C MINA
BALBIR.1 month ago
I am in the uk and want to adopt a boy from new delhi x he is 21 yrs old has no mother but his father is his guardian, i have 4 children of my own , my own home, and work full time x, what do i do and what do i need
Pola.2 months ago
Hi, I am european and my fiancee is Indian (Hindu), we live in UK and we have a baby boy but also we want to adopt a child from India and give a lovely home. Is it legally possible? (we consider moving to India in few Years for the rest of our lifes)
Neetu.2 months ago
Nxt mnth 29aug is my due date if anyone is seriously looking to adopt my child mail me on ****@****.com
Stephanie.2 months ago
Hello Neetu, my husband and I live in Canada and we are looking to adopt. We cannot see your email address please post it with spaces in Between
VIKRAM.4 weeks ago
Hi neetu I am interested in adopting... Pls mail at ****@****.com....
Amit N.3 weeks ago
Hello Neetu , Please contact me on ****@****.com . I am settled in Sri Lanka .

Awaiting your response
Best Regards
Sorna.3 months ago
i am divorcee from chennai. i would like to adopt a child. what are the legal procedures? contact me at ****@****.com
.2 months ago
Hi i am a single woman working in Bangalore.I want to give my unborn baby for adoption which is due next month.
Ruchi.2 months ago
Hi, can you please contact me at ****@****.com.
Levina.2 months ago
HI ruchi you can contact me ****@****.com
singh.2 months ago
We r looking for a new born kids for adoption. We r settled in Europe. Please respond to ****@****.com. Looking forward for ur reply.
Mary.2 months ago
Hi contact me, @********** - Leena
Amit N.3 weeks ago
Hi , Please contact me on ****@****.com .

I am settled in Sri Lanka .
Best Regards
Ebomuche.4 months ago
I am a Female Nigerian who is single and working in an indian company.
I love indian and Indians.
I want to adopt an indian girl.
Please contact me with +**********.
I promise to make her a princess too.
.6 months ago
We are live in australia.we want to adopt child from india can we do it.
Mahesh.2 months ago
hellow i may help you
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