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Preconception Topics..

You are here : home > Preconception > Tests before Pregnancy > Importance of Pap Test before Pregnancy

Importance of Pap Test before Pregnancy

Importance of Pap Test before Pregnancy

Cervical cancer is one of the deadliest cancers affecting women. Detecting cervical cancer in the early stages helps in its complete cure. Screening for cervical cancer is done through a Pap smear test. Pap smear test should also be done before planning conception as it will rule out the presence of cancer. Pap test is one of the important tests for any woman. Read on to know more about Pap test.

Prior to planning pregnancy, it is important to conduct a Pap test as it can make you aware whether you stand cervical cancer or are already suffering from the same. For this it is necessary to know what goes on this Pap test. It is basically the screening of the cervical area or the opening of the uterus of the woman for the presence of cancerous cells, pre-cancerous cellular changes, any inflammatory conditions along with the possibility of sexually transmitted diseases.

The test is conducted at a clinic and at certain intervals. It is usually once before pregnancy that the Pap test is done and repeated before another pregnancy if the doctor observes certain potential changes in the cervix during examination. The importance of the test lies in the fact that the abnormal cervical cells and infections if any can be detected early and accordingly the treatment can be devised. Otherwise there can be chances that the pregnancy can get terminated mid way and the health of the baby might get affected.

Why is the Pap Test Important?

This is also known as the Pap smear, which is a medical procedure. A sample or a collection of cells are made from the end of the uterus that conjoins the vagina, alternatively known as the cervical area. This sample is then spread or smeared atop a microscopic slide. These cells are studied under powerful microscopic lens as the pathologist searches for malignant and pre-malignant cells. They also look for the abnormal structural changes in the cells which can be potential for cancerous development in near future.

The Pap test is a very painless procedure and is very simple and quick too. It has two facets to it: Specificity and Sensitivity. The former entails that the test can effectively classify a normal smear from an abnormal one and its differentiation is rather perfect. But then there is a chance for error too, when there are actually cases where an abnormal smear is not really detected by the Pap test. This means that the abnormality is present but went undetected. This is thus the reason why few women are detected with cervical cancer in spite obtaining a positive Pap screening.

But still its importance lies in the fact that the test can detect even the minor cellular abnormalities prior to them even display any malignant characteristics. This makes it easier for the doctor to judge and control the situation and prescribe appropriate treatment for the mother so that she can successfully conceive and give birth to a healthy baby.

There is a vital point to note, Pap test can only cervical cancer. But cancer also occurs in the vagina, ovary and uterus of women and Pap test does not play any role in determining them. But they can be well discovered during the pelvic exam which is usually prescribed and performed during the Pap test.

How is the Pap Test Done?

The test takes a couple of minutes where the woman is required to lie on an examination table on her back. She is asked to bend her knees and her feet are placed on metal stirrups that are joined at the end of the table. The doctor then inserts a tiny device called a speculum inside the vagina as she or he examines the cervix. The sample is collected with the help of a thin brush or spatula. The sample is placed on a slide or bottle and sent to the laboratory for testing.

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dr manu noatay.7 years ago
We at Niche conduct Liquid based State of art test ( SUREPATH) which is very comfortable for patient and can be taken during menstrual cycles also. It is mandatory as it can screen infections as well as premalignant changes before concieving. expentant mother can get treated and keep her baby safe before getting pregnant..prevention helps.
sheechy.7 years ago
though pap test is not necessary when you have a healthy lifestyle but it can help in detecting cancer in initial stages and thus increase the chances of cure. with our current lifestyle, we are exposed unknowingly to many toxins and this can result in cancer. the best way is to get a pap tests done.
Joan.7 years ago
i do not think that pap test is that important before planning conception. When age is in your side and you have had a healthy lifestyle, pap test is not required when planning a baby. in case of family history of cancer, this test is mandatory.
Arusha.7 years ago
i have heard a lot about papa tests. these tests are done to detect cancer. i never knew the importance of pap tests before planning a baby. After going through this article i came to know that a pap test is equally important before conception as other tests. i would make sure that all my friends and relatives get this tests done before planning pregnancy.
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