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Preconception Topics..



The chances of miscarriage are very high during first trimester. The risk of miscarriage reduces by second trimester and is minimal during the last trimester. Read on to learn more about the causes of miscarriage and tips for preventing it.

Miscarriage takes place when the foetus is unable to survive inside the womb leading to a sudden termination of pregnancy. It is one of the common complications that take place during pregnancy. The chances of miscarriage are higher during the first trimester of pregnancy. However, it can take place during second and third trimester as well. Let us take a look at the common causes of miscarriages during the first, second and third trimester.

What are the common causes of miscarriages?

Miscarriages generally take place in the first two trimesters. The chance of a miscarriage in the third trimester is extremely low.

First trimester

  • Hormonal imbalance due to deficiency of progesterone making the uterine environment less receptive
  • Chromosomal abnormalities of the foetus

Second Trimester
  • Incompetent os i.e. weakness of the cervical muscles
  • Excessive water i.e. hydramnios
  • Low-lying placenta causing bleeding and consequently abortion
  • Lifting heavy weights

Third Trimester
  • Very low chances of miscarriage
  • After 28th week, it is considered premature labour

What kinds of women are at high risk for a miscarriage?
  • Pregnancy with twins or multiple babies
  • Women who conceive with IVF treatment for hormonal imbalance
  • Women with abnormalities of the uterus

When should I try to conceive again after a miscarriage?

There is no one answer for when you should try to conceive again after a miscarriage. It entirely depends upon the reason for miscarriage.  For example, in the case of foetal anomaly, genetic counselling of both parents is a must before the next conception.  In the case of intrauterine viral infection, it has to be treated first before another conception can be planned.

What are the signs and symptoms of miscarriage?

Have a quick look at some of the common signs and symptoms of miscarriage.
  • Vaginal spotting or bleeding
  • Brownish discharge or discharge of fluid from vagina
  • Abdominal pain
  • Cramps in abdominal area
  • Pain in lower back
  • Stomach pain
  • Dizziness or light-headedness
  • Discharge of blood clots from vagina
  • Absence of the movement of foetus (foetal movements are experienced by fourth or fifth month of pregnancy)
If you notice any of the above mentioned symptoms, you must report to your doctor immediately. If early signs of miscarriage are observed, it is possible to save the foetus with right medical treatment.

How to prevent a miscarriage?

Miscarriages can be prevented by taking right care and precautions during pregnancy. Here are some preventive measures that you can take during pregnancy in order to avoid miscarriage.
  • Avoid eating too much of heat inducing foods.
  • Avoid eating raw and undercooked foods especially raw eggs, raw meat etc.
  • Do not lift heavy weights.
  • Avoid eating stale and leftover foods.
  • Practice relaxation techniques to prevent stress.
  • Have balanced and healthy meals.
  • Avoid unhealthy habits like smoking, taking drugs, taking alcoholic drinks etc.
  • Do not miss your antenatal check-ups.
  • Take prenatal supplements as prescribed by doctor.
  • Do not take any over-the-counter medicine or any other medicine for treating common illnesses.
  • Do not take any medicine without your obstetrician’s prescription.
  • Stay away from pets and do not clean pet litter.
With proper medical attention, miscarriages can be prevented. Therefore, take right care of yourself and consult your obstetrician immediately if you feel any discomfort. Discuss your pregnancy diet with your obstetrician and do not add anything new in your diet without consulting him or her.

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Congenital Diseases
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Sheela.9 years ago
hi i already have two kids and all of a sudden i doscover that i am pregnant for the third time. at first i am nervous and think of abrtion ... then my husband says e wants to keep the baby so i also decide that it will be nice to have three kids ... and these days that is considered a large family considering some of my friends are having just one child. then recently a very unfortunate thing happened. in my 12th week when i went to the doctor, she told me that the baby had stopped growing after 6 weeks. so i went threough a surgery to clean up after a miscarriage. but i cannot tell you how depressed i feel about the miscarriage. i keep wondering how life would have been with three kids ... and i hold myself responsible. it seems god almost heard me when i was thinking that i did not want to keep the third. i am already past 39 and don't really want to plan a baby ... becasue it is a high risk age. i sometimes wish i had been more careful then maybe i would not have miscarried. do any of you feel the same way?
Tim.9 years ago
each of the children you have is precious and wonderful, and each of the children other parents have is wonderful, and each of the people in the world, who were all someone's children, is wonderful, too. you have two children of your own to love, and 6,500,000,000 other people to love also. so do your best to love us all, and each of us will benefit from your love, just as do your own two children. best wishes!
sheela.9 years ago
yes i know how u feel.i also because pregnant after i had my tubes tied . but i lost it at 11/2 months pregnant . i do want another one .
kim.9 years ago
well i dont have any children and i wasnt ever pregnant or had an abortion but i was just wondering about what happend to the fetiss' involved in the abortions? i was just wondering because i am writing a speech on abortion and i needed more facts and i was wondering if anyone knew (please dont give me false imformation.)
Mohini.9 years ago
i had 4 miscarriages in the months of 2,4,3 & recently in 19th weeks. the doctors are telling that it may be because of some allergy, the reason for which is not known. but some days back i came to know that if minus sign is there in hsg test then we have to take some rubella (exactly not known)injection to make it + and then can try for pregnancy. is it true ? will i be able to deliver a healthy baby after taking this injection ? please advise.
shantae roberts.9 years ago
i 2 was messin wit a boy named breon who i told i migth be pregant and he told his mom and she told him to tel me to drink vinger is that even good to my health i don't want to lose my child over sumin like dis and plus i wanted the babe im only 15 and i have always wanted a babe butwas dis to much i wonder and i cry every single nigth wonderin if i was ever pregant wit his babe in the first place
Rosa Martin.9 years ago
i have 2 kids a boy and a girl we are a lovely family of 4...but then to my suprise i was prepnant after 15 years, at first everything was okay but then i got scared because a week after i started to bleed so my docter told me i had a miscarriged, and as most people i also was very depressed and what hurt me the most was that my kids and my husband wanted me to have the baby.
michelle.9 years ago
i am 26 have had lost 3 now,firt in 2004 then i had a boy in 2005,he was prem and in hozy for 7weeks,had allsorts wrong with him,hes now 16month and fighting fit.then i lost june 06 and have just cum home from a&e and ive lost another,it always happens aronud 4-6 weeks.i dont know how much more of this i can take,whats wrong with me ? ?
Diane.9 years ago
sheela i so relate to what you have said as this happened to me. i couldn't believe it when i fell pregnant aged 39 and took me a good couple of weeks to come to terms with it (also considering my options) only to have my baby taken away from me like you at my 12 week scan. i have read lots and come to the conclusion that there really is nothing i could have done and as the nurse said to me at the hospital as you get older your eggs are not so good and it's natures way helping us by not giving us the burden of deciding if our child should live or die if they are very deformed. god this sounds horrid but i have taken this advice or i think i would have gone made. i have again found i am pregnant less shocked this time but not planned, but oh so scared it could happen again. i have to believe that what is meant to be will be or i just couldn't carry on. i do wish my husband had been brave enough to have a v when i asked him to!!!
hollie.9 years ago
hi i recently had a miscarriage in jan o7 but to my suprise i fell pregnant again just 3weeks later so fingers crossed everything will be ok this time round im now 9 weeks.
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