Adoption makes family complete. However,
adoptive parents should be aware of all the formalities and legalities involved
in adoption. It is very necessary to make note of all the adoption acts and
follow them so that the process of adoption is smooth. Have a quick look at the
first chapter of ‘The Guardians and Wards Act, 1890’.
1. Title, Extent and Commencement
(1) This Act may be called the Guardians and Wards Act, 1890.
(2) It extends to whole of India
l[except the State of Jammu and
(3) It shall come into force on the first day of July, 1890.
2. [Repealed by the Repealing Act,
1938, s. 2 and Sch.]
3. Saving of Jurisdiction of Courts of Wards and Chartered High Courts
This Act shall be read subject to every enactment heretofore or hereafter
passed relating to any Court of Wards by 3[any competent Legislature, authority
or person in 4[any State to which this Act extends]]; and nothing in this Act
shall be construed to effect or in any way derogate from , the jurisdiction or
authority of any Court of Wards , or to take away any power possessed by 5[any
High Court 6[* * *]].
In this Act, unless there is something repugnant in the subject or context,-
(1) "minor" means a person who , under the provisions of the Indian
Majority Act, 1875 (9 of 1875), is to be deemed not to have attained his
(2) "guardian" means a person having the care of the person of a
minor or of his property or of both his person and property;
(3) "ward" means a minor for whose person or property or both there
is a guardian;
(4) "District Court" has the meaning assigned to that expression in
the Code of Civil Procedure, 1882 (14 of 1882)7, and includes a High Court in
the exercise of its ordinary original civil jurisdiction;
8[(5) "the court" means-
(a) the District Court having jurisdiction to entertain an application under
this Act for an order appointing or declaring a person to be a guardian; or
(b) where a guardian has been appointed or declared in pursuance of any such
(i) the court which, or the court of the officer who, appointed or declared the
guardian or is under this Act deemed to have appointed or declared the
(ii) in any matter relating to the person of the ward the District Court having
jurisdiction in the place where the ward for the time being ordinarily resides;
(c) in respect of any proceeding transferred under section 4A, the court of the
officer to whom such proceeding has been transferred;]
(6) "Collector" means the chief officer in charge of the revenue
administration of a district and includes any officer whom the State
Government, by notification in the Official Gazette may, by name or in virtue
of his office, appoint to be a Collector in any local area or with respect to
any class of persons, for all or any of the purposes of this Act;
9[(7) [* * *]; and
8. "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made by the High Court
under this Act.
4A. Power to confer jurisdiction on subordinate judicial officers and to
transfer proceedings to such officers
(1) The High Court may, by general or special order, empower any officer
exercising original civil jurisdiction subordinate to a district court, or
authorise the Judge of any District Court to empower any such officer
subordinate to him, to dispose of any proceedings under this Act transferred to
such officer under the provisions of this section.
(2) The Judge of a District Court may, by order in writing, transfer at any
stage any proceeding under this Act pending in his court for disposal to any
officer subordinate to him empowered under sub-section (1).
(3) The Judge of a District Court may at any stage transfer to his own court
or to any officer subordinate to him empowered under sub-section (1) any
proceeding under this Act pending in the court of any other such officer.
(4) When any proceedings are transferred under this
section in any case in which a guardian has been appointed or declared, the
judge of the District Court may , by order in writing, declare that the Court
of the Judge or officer to whom they are transferred shall, for all or any of
the purposes of this Act, be deemed to be the court which appointed or declared