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Women's Health Topics..

You are here : home > Women's Health > Problems Associated with Menopause > Cardiovascular Diseases

Cardiovascular Diseases

Estrogen has a protective effect on cardiovascular disease in women, but during menopause this estrogen levels decreases thus making women susceptible to cardiovascular diseases. After menopause, women are more prone to heart diseases. Know more about this.

Does menopause increase the risk of heart diseases

Before menopause, heart diseases are uncommon in women who do not smoke, do not have hypertension, hyperlipidaemia (excessive saturated fats in their blood) or diabetes. It is five times more common in men than in pre-menopausal women but once menopause has occurred, the risk of heart disease in women approaches that in men, suggesting a role for the menopausing in this changed risk. 

The etiology of heart disease is complex and incompletely understood. However, several studies on the effect of premature menopause on the incidence of heart diseases suggest that earlier the cessation of ovarian function occurs greater the risk of cardiovascular diseases. A role for estrogen deficiency in the etiology of this disease is strongly suggestive.

How does menopause increase the risk of heart diseases

High plasma levels of High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) concentrations protect the heart (cardio-protective), whilst those of Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) concentrations increase the risk of heart disease.  Before menopause, serum LDL levels are lower and HDL levels are higher.  But after menopause, LDL levels increase significantly, and thereby increase the risk of heart diseases.

Do women run a greater risk of heart diseases than men

No.  Before menopause, serum LDL levels are lower in women than in men, and serum HDL levels are higher. Following menopause, LDL levels in women rise but do not exceed the levels in age-matched men. 

What is the role of the estrogen in preventing heart diseases

Estrogen in pre-menopausal women has a protective effect on cardiovascular disease, probably mediated through it's effect on the HDL:LDL ratio.  But estrogen may work in other ways such as by a direct effect on blood vessels or by stimulating direct effect on blood flow in organs such as the skin, uterus, vulva and kidneys.

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Saira.9 years ago
why do women get irritated and go through depression during the phase of menopause?
Shell.9 years ago
where is the article?
Kate.9 years ago
having come off hrt after 10 years i have started hot flushes again. any advice?
Jane Doe.9 years ago
menopause in itself has its purpose which i assume is to prevent an older woman from having children and not living long enough to care for the child. apparently our bodies have not yet evolved to catch up with the longer life is my opinion that the side effects of menopause are a freak of nature and that if this were to happen to the male population, every government would spend millions in research to prevent the devasting effects --some of which are never even discussed and no one knows exists until it happens. hair, skin, nails, and particulary changes not only of the vaginal area, but of the vulva as well. if the males sexual organs were to shrivel up by the age of 50, i repeat, there would be a world wide panic for prevention.
t.9 years ago
im 16 and get hot flushes daily and sometimes they last all day. am i going through menopause?
june roberts.9 years ago
needs more info on herbal remadies
Caroline.9 years ago
having just discontinued hrt, i am experiencing constant hot flushes. as i am visiting a sars affected region soon, if they taked my temperature when i am experiencing a hot flush (which is exactly like a rigor), will i be whisked away and confined to quarters until it becomes obvious that i don't have sars?
Question on Clomid.9 years ago
i am taking clomid fertility drug for 3 / 4 months now and have sweating most nights - is this a side effect of clomid or might it be menopause. i am 40.
Janet.9 years ago
in reply to "t" -
although not impossible, it would be extremely unlikely that you would be going through menopause at your age. there are other conditions that can cause excessive sweating. i suggest that you hav a word with your doctor, if only to put your mind at rest. all the best to you.
wendy.9 years ago
i also have stopped hrt after 10yearsand have started hot flushes again.i am going to try and stick it out without going back on hrt.just hope it does'nt last to long .
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