Breast Cancer is one of the dreadful diseases. There are some risk factors associated with it. Identifying the risk factors will help in early detection of the disease. This will further reduce the mortality rates.
What are the risk factors
associated with breast cancer
Highest risk factors
History of breast cancer in a close
relative (mother or sister)
History of breast biopsy showing atypical
Other Risk Factors
First pregnancy after age 30, or no
History of breast cancer in a distant
relative (maternal aunt or grandmother)
Menstrual periods before age 12
History of fibrocystic breast disease
Obesity or a high-fat diet
Menopause after age 50
Should I be worried
about breast cancer
Breast cancer has accounted for over
17% of deaths in women. Depending on its severity, there are five
stages of breast cancer.
In stage I, where the lump cannot be
felt but can be diagnosed by a mammogram, the 5-year survival rate is 95%.
In stage II, where the malignant lump
has not spread to the lymph nodes under the arm but has remained localized
to one breast and is smaller than 2 cm, the 5-year survival rate is 85%.
In stage III, where the growth of the
lumps is 2-5 cm and the lumps have not spread to the lymph nodes, the 5-year
survival rate is 66%.
In stage IV, where the growth of the
lumps is over 5 cm or the lumps have grown into the skin, the distant lymph
nodes or into the chest wall, the 5-year survival rate is 41%.
In stage V, where the malignancy has
spread to other parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 10%.
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