What are the common health problems faced
by women during pregnancy? Find information on health issues experienced during
pregnancy and ways to cope with them.
Every pregnancy has its own share of
health issues. These health problems can be conditions that were already there
in you or are developed later during the pregnancy. If one is pregnant with more than
one foetus, or she has been through complications during her previous
pregnancies, or she has suffered more than one miscarriage, or she is above 35
years of age, there can be some natural health problems. So, care must be taken
to ensure that the health of the expectant mother and the unborn baby is good
and considerably free from complications. Here are some common health problems during pregnancy:
Skin and Hair Issues
Most women incur skin and hair
issues during pregnancy which is again attributed to hormonal changes. If you
already have moles or freckles, they might darken and you can develop new dark
patches all over your skin. These are temporary changes that
go away gradually after delivery. Similarly, there can be changes in the
texture of your hair, they can appear oily, or you might experience hair fall.
You can deal with these issues by seeking the advice of a dermatologist.
Cramps are characterised by sudden sharp
pains that are felt in the calf muscles or feet, and is commonly felt during
the night when you are pregnant. The precise cause of the cramps is not yet known, but it has been observed that
cramps can be better managed when you are following a regular physical activity
regimen and while sleeping if you place your feet a little higher than your
body, like on a pillow, it also helps a lot. Make sure that you do some ankle and
leg movements so as to improve circulation, which in turn is found to reduce
the pain in cramps.
Dizziness is a common pregnancy problem,
which is mainly attributed to hormonal changes. Besides, if your body is not
having a good circulation, that is, if there is a lack of sufficient oxygen in
some parts of your body, it can make you feel faint. This feeling is also
experienced if you get up from a sitting position suddenly, or when you are
just out after taking a warm bath. It is therefore advised that one must make
slow and not sudden movements. If you feel dizzy when you are standing, try to
get seated as soon as possible, so that you do not have the risk of falling
down and hurting yourself or the baby.
Just during the first trimester
itself women suffer from constipation. This is actually caused by the hormonal
changes happening in your system. Constipation is characterised by additional
strain while passing stools or you are unable to empty your bowels along with
irregular bowel movements. This can be avoided by including lots of fibre in
your diet, like whole grain cereals, grains, pulses, legumes, lots of fruits
and vegetables. Constipation can also be dealt with by drinking lots of water,
and following a regular workout regimen so that you are not stagnant on the
physical activity front. Sometimes, iron supplements can cause constipation, so
report to your doctor if you feel so.
This is another health issue that is
experienced during and after pregnancy. Sudden movements, coughing, sneezing
and even laughing can cause a small leak in urine. This is a temporary
condition caused by the laxity in the pelvic floor muscles. It is thus advised
to practice a Kegel exercise that is pulling in of the vaginal muscles so as to
tighten them. During pregnancy, this condition of laxity in the muscles happens
so as to ease the baby for delivery.
This is a pregnancy issue as you
feel like passing urine quite often during the day and night. Need for
urinating frequently developed as the baby is pressing down on your bladder.
This is a natural condition and you can simply take measures that you do not
reduce your fluid intake due to this, as remaining hydrated is more vital
during pregnancy. But try to take in less fluids just during and before
bedtime, so that your sleep is relatively undisturbed by frequent visits to the
Feeling Uneasy or Hot
Pregnancy makes a woman feel warmer
than usual. This is caused by hormonal changes and so it is recommended to wear
comfortable loose clothing, preferable wearing clothing that has layers, so
that you can remove one with ease, whenever you are feeling hot. Wear natural
fibres and try to stay in a cool environment.
Finally, there can be a host of
other health issues experienced during pregnancy, like the development of
varicose veins, gestational diabetes, rise in blood pressure and susceptibility
to certain infections. And it is always advisable to report every change that
you notice in your body and follow the advice related to tests, medications and
lifestyle changes as suggested by the physician.