It is necessary for parents and especially the new
parents to choose the right form contraceptive. Let us take a look at the
various contraception options for parents.
You must have used some kind of contraception before
having your baby. But when you are breastfeeding you need to keep in mind few
things and opt for safe birth control methods. Most of the breastfeeding moms
decide to go for non-hormonal methods which include barrier method, surgical
sterilization and family planning.
The non-hormonal methods of contraception are safe
for the infant and do not effect breastfeeding and so they are opted for birth
control by most of the new moms. Even though some of you might not be thinking
of giving attention to using any kind of contraception, it is good to know
about the options you have after giving birth to a child.
How quickly can you get pregnant after childbirth?
Many women think that unless their period starts
after childbirth, they cannot get pregnant. However, the ovulation starts
before you get periods and medically you can get pregnant after 21 days of
giving birth to a child.
Secondly, there occur a number of changes in a
womanâ€™s body after childbirth and the contraceptive that you have been using
before you became pregnant, might not work any longer. On the other hand, if
you are breastfeeding, you should also be careful using contraceptives and use
only which is safe for the infant and has no effect on breastfeeding as well.
You can discuss about which birth control method is
good for you within one week of giving birth to your child. This is because
some of the birth control methods take three to four weeks to become effective.
Contraceptives for New Parents
Here are some contraception options which new
parents can consider.
Breastfeeding also works as a contraceptive and is
included in very effective methods. However, the birth control method is
effective only if you are breastfeeding your child exclusively and have not
introduced formula milk, drinks or solids. Also, the gaps between feedings
should not be long.
Breastfeeding is said to be 98% effective provided
your periods has not returned and your child is less than six months of age. As
soon as you start giving your child formula milk or other drinks or solids, you
will have to depend on other means of contraception because this becomes less
effective if you are not breastfeeding exclusively.
â€“ You can use male or female
condoms any time after child birth.
or Cap â€“ If you decide to use diaphragm
or cap you will have to wait till your vaginal area has recovered completely
after child birth. Make sure you choose the right size after consulting your
obstetrician so that the protection is proper.
Device â€“ IUD
can be fitted within 48 hours of childbirth. You can get it fitted within four
weeks of time. This works the same way regardless of the fact whether you had a
normal delivery or caesarean. This method is effective, long-term and
reversible protection and above all, it is safe for nursing moms.
Although Progestogen-only pills can be used while
breastfeeding, it is preferable to use non-hormonal methods of contraception to
be on a safer side.
â€“ These are mini pills and should be taken on a fixed time every day.
Injection â€“ If you have decided to take the injection, you
should wait for six weeks after giving birth to your child in case you are
breastfeeding. But if you have put your child on formula milk, you can have the
injection when you wish. The only side effect of this injection is heavy and
Implantâ€“The implant should be put within three weeks or 21
days of childbirth. If the implant is put after three weeks, it will not be
effective for the first seven days. However, once implanted, it remains
effective for three years.
Which contraception should you avoid?
Women who are breastfeeding should avoid
contraceptive method which contains oestrogen as this reduces the milk supply.
The contraceptives which should be avoided include:
Natural Family Planning Method
If you have been using this method of contraception
before getting pregnant, it is advisable to consult your natural family
planning doctor after giving birth to your child.
the Right Decision
You can choose any contraceptive method that suits
your body and lifestyle. Just keep in mind that your body has gone through
changes and it is good to consult with your doctor before deciding on the
contraceptive. Find out about the different methods of contraception that are
available, how they work and how soon you need to start having them. Gather all
details including the pros and cons as well as about any side-effects you might
have by taking them.
Since you have given birth to a child recently, you
need to have an effective method of contraception so that you can save yourself
from getting pregnant straight away because this will not be advisable and
healthy for both of you. Also, if you are breastfeeding,
it is necessary to make sure that the contraceptive that you are using is safe
for your baby.
What kinds of contraceptives are safe for
breastfeeding mothers? Is it safe to take progestogen-only pills while
breastfeeding? Which contraceptives are not suitable for breastfeeding mothers?