Vasectomy is a permanent contraceptive option for a
man that requires a minor surgery. This is a sterilisation technique where the Vasa
Deferentia are the scrotum which is cut. These are the tubes through which the
sperm travels. Through this operation, the sperm is prevented from getting
mixed with the semen during the ejaculation. And in the absence of the sperm
the fertilisation of the ovum cannot take place and pregnancy is averted.
Compared to the female sterilisation
process or hysterectomy, Vasectomy
is a much simpler process. Its effectiveness in regard to birth
control is 99.9% but it does not offer any protection against sexually
transmitted diseases and infections.
Vasectomy Procedure in Brief
The operation is performed under the effect of local
anesthesia. A tiny opening is made on the skin of the scrotum so that the sperm
tubes or the Vasa Deferentia can be seen. It is then cut. The entire process
takes about fifteen minutes in a clinic.
After the procedure the man is advised to rest a
while. There can be a minor swelling, pain and discomfort in the scrotum after
the operation. Ice packs are applied on it and the doctor prescribes some
simple pain killers. It is advisable to take rest for a couple of days after
this operation and no heavy or stressful activities should be performed for
about a week. For the first couple of days bathing is not allowed and a scrotal
support can ease out the discomfiture. The man can resume sexual activity after
The effectiveness of the Vasectomy is not immediate.
The tubes already had sperms running through them and they need to be
ejaculated. The entire tube clears off after around ten to thirty ejaculations
and this might take a month or so. So some follow up tests might be required to
be sure of the sperm count.
The man might feel like fainting during the surgery.
The bruising and swelling is common and can be taken care of with medicines and
application of ice packs. In certain cases pain can be accompanied with
bleeding, fever and chills which should be immediately reported to the doctor.
In the long term, there can be a rare situation
where the vas deferens rejoins. This allows the sperm to again flow into the
semen and result in accidental pregnancy.
So this leaves a scope for future fertility in the
man. A reversal surgery can also be performed but may not be very effective.
The success rate of the reversal surgery is 70% where the sperm flows back into
the semen. If the reversal is performed quickly, fertility can be restored much
faster and effectively.
Effects in Sexual Life
Following a Vasectomy, the man can enjoy sexual
pleasure as before. He can experience normal orgasm and the hormonal levels
also do not change.
is a permanent contraceptive method.
sexual spontaneity is not hampered due to Vasectomy.
is no follow up procedure or treatment and no need of regular attention.
pleasure remains the same.
procedure is not messy and less complicated than hysterectomy.
or AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases and infections cannot be
procedure is not effective immediately.
other methods of male contraception, Vasectomy requires a surgical
Vas Deferens can join in the future.
is always not reversible.
can have psychological repercussions and result in regret.
The most important point that needs to be taken care
of is a thorough thought on the issue before going for the Vasectomy surgery.
It can lead to serious psychological and relationship issues with the
individual or the couple.