Egg donation requires a healthy woman to donate her eggs to an infertile woman or couple who desire a baby. According to various studies conducted across the world, there are a number of effects noticed on the egg donor. Some lasting psychological effects are primarily noticed, some positive and some negative, which are termed as risks. Most women who become egg donors are found to be young, unmarried and without kids. Therefore, it is not clearly known whether egg donation is inadvertently harming their fertility.
What Happens During Egg Donation?
Fertility medications are injected into the woman’s body, after her consent is obtained to become an egg donor. Her eggs are removed from her ovary through the process called egg retrieval. Experts are of the opinion that more studies need to be conducted in order to arrive at a definite conclusion whether egg donation leaves a lasting effect on the woman’s fertility. When fertility drugs are administered, there is a fair chance of the medicine to induce ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. This is considered to be a minor risk but it is often found that a small percentage of women fall sick that they need to be hospitalised.
According to health experts, there is no risk involved in the process of egg retrieval. This entails that infection or bleeding is not the probable outcome of the egg retrieval process, under normal circumstances. But if infection does occur in a small percentage of cases, it results to the formation of an abscess. This infected tissue is removed through a simple surgery. If there is bleeding following the egg retrieval process, a scarred tissue might be formed which can potentially harm the ability of the eggs to reach the fallopian tubes for fertilisation.
Although these are not very prominent risk factors, the emotional aspect of egg donation leaves a lot to be concerned about.
The Emotional Factor:
Egg donation is not just a physical procedure. A woman who is ready to donate her eggs obviously knows the purpose of the action. That is, the egg would eventually be fertilised and a life would be born out of it. Therefore, more often than not, even when the woman is seldom aware that this would happen to her, egg donation inevitably becomes an emotional experience. The egg donor might develop a feeling that she has a certain right to know the whereabouts of the baby born out of her egg. She might also feel anxious that the baby might not be provided with the type of upbringing that she has imagined for her biological child. This can become a complicated situation for the donor, her family and the couple or woman who takes the services of the donor.
In many cases some serious psychological implications have been noticed in women who become egg donors and this should be considered as a risk factor. Therefore, egg donation should be a well considered and counselled one, and never a hasty process.
Point of View of Mother Who Needs Donor – the fertility status of a woman is undoubtedly a major factor by which a woman defines herself. Her purpose in life is determined by whether she is able to have a child by her own or not. When infertility is diagnosed, it can bring about a plethora of emotions like anger and grief. When she becomes sure that her only possibility to become pregnant is through the help of an egg donor, these emotions may escalate. So a thorough discussion with her partner and immediate family along with a counselling session must be ensured before acquiring the services of the egg donor.
Medical Risks – Medical risks are minimal in egg donation. An extensive series of medical tests are conducted in order to ensure that the woman is capable of sustaining a full term pregnancy. The process of egg donation is finalised only after the evaluation is complete and positive. Basically, this evaluation eliminates any potential medical problems that might later arise.
The risk actually involves the possibility of multiple births. According to statistics the chances of multiple pregnancies is actually 40%. Out of this 36.6% can be born as twins and 3.7% can be triplets or even quadruplets. This is attributed to the fact that the egg donor is young and there has been or might have been implantation of multiple embryos. In most of the IVF programs, two embryos are transferred in order to alleviate the egg donation risks involving multiples.
women who become egg donors are found to be young, unmarried and without kids. Therefore, it is not clearly known whether egg donation is inadvertently harming their fertility.
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