testing or prenatal testing has its pros and cons but the pros of prenatal
testing outweigh the cons. Genetic testing is an important tool for detecting
any genetic abnormalities or disorders in an unborn child. Read on to know more
in detail about genetic testing.
genetic testing is a revolutionary method that is available to doctors and
would-be parents of late. The main objective of this testing is to know whether
the parents are carriers of any gene that can potentially cause a genetic
abnormality if they happen to combine with a similar gene. First it is
important to understand the condition where genetic testing is recommended
before we delve into the pros and cons of it.
the individual has a family history of genetic disease, the doctor always calls
for a genetic screening to ascertain the unborn baby does not carry or get
affected by the genetic disorder. This is also true for couples who have
earlier given birth to a child with genetic disorder. Then if the woman is
above 35 years of age, a prenatal
test is advised as the child is at a high risk of developing a genetic
pros and cons of genetic testing are partly dependent on the effectiveness of
the results and partly on the social and ethical issues surrounding this concept.
There are several religious, psychological and moral aspects to it as well. It
is an ongoing debate and it is thereby advisable to opt for genetic testing
only after genetic counseling. A genetic counselor is the best person to inform
you with all the relative facts and prepare you for the possible results and
then you can effectively judge on the impact that the results of the genetic
testing is likely to render on your family and self. Let’s begin with the pros
Pros of Genetic Testing
are the pros of genetic testing.
Problems Can be Corrected Before the Birth
of the Baby
are certain problems that can be rectified so that the baby is born with a good
health and no risk for the future. So once it is known that the fetus is having
or is likely to have a genetic defect, the doctors can successfully condition
of a healthy child. In cases where a correction in the womb is not
possible, a surgery is conducted soon after delivery, which in most cases is a
Parents Get a Choice
results of prenatal testing offer the all important choice before the parents
that whether they want to terminate or go ahead with the pregnancy.
It is sure a vital decision where you get to know that the baby is having a
genetic disorder and you decide on the future of the unborn child.
Parents can Prepare
result of the genetic tests not only offers choice but also prepares the
parents regarding the future care and nurturing of a genetically disordered
baby. They choose to go ahead with the pregnancy and in the meanwhile collect
information on how deal with the situation in future.
Cons of Genetic Testing
are the pros of genetic testing.
against genetic testing feel that the biggest disadvantage of prenatal testing
is the tremendous psychological
pressure imposed on the parents. They are in a constant anxiety about the
possible results. They tend to get confused about the condition as in the case
where a baby is known to carry a mutation, but sometimes the parents may not
realise that this does not mean that the baby will contract the genetic
disorder too. This point also questions the accuracy of the results.
is considered as no short of a crime where parents choose to abort
a baby after knowing that it has a genetic abnormality. Different religions
also have this belief that only God has the right to take away life and it
cannot be a human decision.
testing is very expensive and thereby cannot be attempted by people with meager
means. Further only a handful of insurance companies are ready to cover the
expenses of these tests. This leaves couples with limited or no choice at all.