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Pregnancy Topics..

You are here : home > Pregnancy > Medical Aspects of Pregnancy > Routine tests

Routine tests

Routine tests

What diseases are regularly tested for even during a normal pregnancy

Some of the conditions routinely checked for in most normal pregnancies are Aids, Hepatitis B, Down's Syndrome, Neural Tube Defects, Rh Incompatibility and Rubella.  The doctor can test for all these condition with blood samples, albeit taken at different times in the pregnancy.

When should I be worried about congenital diseases

Your baby has a higher chance of having congenital disease if he falls in any of the three reasons given below.  Note that there could be many other reasons for congenital diseases also.

  • Congenital diseases in the previous baby
  • History of congenital anomalies in the family which are likely to be repeated
  • Maternal age is above 35, then there is a higher chance of the baby getting Down's syndrome

Can birth defects be detected with regular blood tests

Studies have shown that 90 % of birth defects cannot be detected through prenatal blood tests. In order to isolate the remaining 10 % of the identifiable birth defects, there are four main types of tests: amniocentesis, chorionic villi sampling, certain blood tests like the Alphafeto-Protein (AFP) test, and ultrasound scans.

What do each of the diagnostic tests tell the doctor

There are various conditions or diseases that a doctor can identify by conducting different diagnostic tests during the pregnancy. These tests can indicate the possibility of birth defects in the foetus or conditions in the mother's health that may lead to problem pregnancies. Once any potential problem has been identified, appropriate steps can be taken to deal with it. 

Diagnostic test Possible Findings
Regular blood test Confirmation of pregnancy (hCG hormone), blood group and Rh- disease, heamoglobin levels, platelet count
AIDS blood test AIDS
Hepatitis B blood test Hepatitis B
Rubella blood test Rubella (German Measles)
Alphafeto-protein (AFP) blood test Neural Tube Defects (NTD)
Urine Test Confirmation of pregnancy (hCG hormone), sugar, albumin, bacteria
Sonogram (Ultrasound Scan) Genetic deformities (including Down's syndrome)
Amniocentesis Spina bifida (Open Spine), Anencephaly (Failure of brain formation), Down's syndrome
Chorionic Villi Sampling (CVS) Tay-Sachs, sickle-cell anaemia, Down's syndrome, thalassaemia

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Klinics.6 years ago
A healthy pregnancy starts with taking care of your body and understanding the many changes you will encounter during this special time in your life.
Klinics.6 years ago
A healthy pregnancy starts with taking care of your body and understanding the many changes you will encounter during this special time in your life.
Baby.7 years ago
I just wanted to know if we should repeat Beta HCG on our own without doctor's prescription to check HCG levels are in good range?
Asif.7 years ago
sir, i have had my semen test, which result for 110 million, may i know what does it mean, how much it workful, is it good result for fertility...

baby.10 years ago
what is happening with baby at 8 months
sumera.10 years ago
i m 5 month pragnent, i m also a pateint of thellassemia minor.
what actions should i take for my diet and other area? i m also facing trouble in taking folic acid due to vomiting.
sam.10 years ago
i m a flue patient,no side effect convert in my baby,how could i do for my flue
Mayuri Donda
Mayuri Donda.10 years ago
what about vdrl test?
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