Is it possible to conceive with an ovarian cyst? Read on to know and also find the treatment options for ovarian cysts during pregnancy.
Worried about ovarian cyst and pregnancy? Here we have attempted to help you know what this cyst is all about, so that you are better informed.
Cyst in your ovary develops like a sac. Your ovaries are designed to hold eggs. Although cyst shall not create much problem, you should be concerned when it starts growing in size. It is possible to get pregnant even if you have cysts. However, it shall get difficult for you to conceive with a polycystic ovarian syndrome.
What is Corpus Luteum Cyst?
After a woman ovulates, a yellowish body of cells is formed on the ovary. This is called the corpus luteum. It disappears 14 days after it is formed, during the woman's next period. It produces the estrogen and progesterone hormones. When the woman conceives, the corpus luteum does not disappear because there has been no menstruation. The corpus luteum is sustained by the hCG hormone (generated by cells that form the placenta) during pregnancy. The corpus luteum becomes necessary in a pregnancy because it grows to support and nourish the new pregnancy until the placenta takes over.
Are Corpus Luteum Cysts Dangerous?
Normally, the corpus luteum shrinks in about 6-7 weeks and stops functioning by the 10th week. But in about 1 out of every 10 cases, the corpus luteum fails to regress and becomes a cyst. This normally does not pose much of a problem, but your doctor would need to monitor it. If the cyst becomes huge or is about to rupture, then it would have to be surgically removed.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cyst
Most of the cysts are harmless, however; it is the large one's that cause problems and discomforts in the abdomen. When the large cyst puts pressure on the bladder, you may get the urge to urinate frequently. This happens because of the reduced ability of the bladder to hold urine.
Pain in the pelvic region is often associated with ovarian cyst. The pain may even reach up to the thighs and the lower part of your back. This shall make things more uncomfortable for you in pregnancy.
Tenderness of your breasts and nausea are some of the other symptoms that you may experience in this case. You may also feel pressure on your rectum and you may have to take frequent trips to the loo to empty your bladder.
Ovarian Cyst and Pregnancy
If you have cysts, it is normal for you to have questions especially in pregnancy. Although a cyst does not necessarily increase risk factors in pregnancy, but it shall depend on the size of your cysts. The type of cysts you have developed shall also determine their effect on your pregnancy. Even though a cyst may be benign or small in the initial phases, over the time it may grow in size and you may be experiencing major issues.
Large cysts exert too much pressure on your womb that can become a cause of concern. Pregnant women in these cases are monitored closely and necessary treatments solutions are suggested as well. Women in these cases are generally suggested to opt for a C-section and doctors remove the cyst during delivery. Thus, you need not go for any further operations in the future.
Twisting or bursting of cysts can be immensely painful in pregnancy. This might also result in preterm labour or a miscarriage. This becomes potentially dangerous when the size of the cyst grows up to 6cm. In such cases, doctors either wait for the cyst to reduce in size or it is removed with the help of surgery. Doctors shall wait for just 2 weeks before deciding the right course of action.
Treatment Options for Cyst in Pregnancy
There are different treatment measures available and your doctor shall suggest a suitable one depending on your condition. Sometimes no actions are taken and the doctors ask women to wait to allow the cyst to go away in course of time. If the size of cyst is not too big, you may be suggested to attend the regular ultrasound sessions. In case of pregnancy, doctors wait till the patients are half way to their pregnancy, as removing the cysts in the early stages may increase chances of miscarriage.
According to research findings around 1 in every 1000 women tend to develop ovarian cyst in pregnancy. The cyst generally develops in the 2nd trimester and in many cases they get resolved themselves as well. So, in case you have any concerns or queries, make sure to get in touch with your doctor. Let him or her decide the best possible solution for you.
How can a woman conceive with an ovarian cyst? What are the treatment options for cysts during pregnancy? What are the symptoms of ovarian cysts? Discuss here.
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- The Indiaparenting Team