An ectopic pregnancy can
be risky and as such early diagnosis and treatment is a must. Read on to learn
more about the symptoms, causes and treatments for ectopic
Ectopic pregnancy must be
diagnosed and treated at the earliest as it can cause a lot of threats to the
expecting mother. It can be traumatic for those who have trouble conceiving.
But, by undergoing right treatment and taking precautions, it is possible to
have a healthy
pregnancy. Being aware of the facts about ectopic pregnancy
is also very important. Let us take a look at some important facts about
What is an ectopic pregnancy?
tubal or ectopic pregnancy is one that occurs outside the uterus. Usually, in
such cases, a fertilized egg is implanted in the Fallopian tube, instead of in
the uterine cavity. The occurrence of an ectopic pregnancy is about 2 in a 100.
This condition is probably caused by some irregularity in the Fallopian tube
that obstructs the passage of the egg into the uterus. The chances of a
fertilized egg being implanted in the ovary, abdominal cavity or the cervix are
are the symptoms of an ectopic
Moderate to severe pains in the
region of the lower abdomen that may initially begin on one side, but may
spread to the entire abdominal area.
Spotting or light bleeding may
occur a few days or weeks before the onset of pain.
The bleeding may become heavy if
the tube ruptures.
25-50% of women may experience
nausea and vomiting that may be difficult to distinguish from morning
Dizziness, weakness and
What are the implications of an ectopic
It is imperative that this
condition be diagnosed and treated at the earliest. If this condition remains
undetected, the pregnancy will continue to grow in the tube leading to the
rupture of the tube. Consequently, fertilized eggs will not be able to travel
through the tube to the uterus in future conceptions. An untreated ruptured
tube could endanger the mother's life.
How is an ectopic pregnancy
The level of the hormone
hCG in the mother's blood is an indicator of an ectopic pregnancy. Pregnancy
test results that show that the level of hCG hormone in the mother's blood has
fallen or has not risen with the progress of pregnancy, indicate an abnormal
pregnancy. An ultrasound may reveal the absence of a gestational sac in the
uterus or the development of a pregnancy in the Fallopian tube. A laparoscopy
enables the doctor to view the tubes directly and confirm the
How is an ectopic pregnancy
An ectopic pregnancy is
treated through surgery with a laparoscope. The surgical procedure is
determined by the location of the ectopic pregnancy. Pregnancies near the open
end of the tube can often be removed without cutting the tube, while those
nearer to the uterus must be cut out. Ectopic pregnancies that occur in the
part of the tube contained within the wall of the uterus are called interstitial
pregnancies. In such cases, the doctors may have no choice but to perform a
hysterectomy, i.e. the uterus itself will have to be removed along with the
tube and the products of conception.
Recently, an anticancer
drug called methotrexate is being administered as an alternative to surgery. It
works by putting a stop to cell growth. Consequently, the pregnancy is
What are the common causes of ectopic pregnancy?
pregnancy may take place due to the damage caused to the fallopian tubes due to
tubal sterilization reversal, caesarean
section, surgery to open blockage in tubes or damage caused to them
due to the untreated sexually transmitted infections. Through some studies it
has also been found that ectopic pregnancies are common in women with low
progesterone levels. Women who smoke also have a greater risk of developing an
ectopic pregnancy. Some of the fertility medications also increase the chances
of women developing ectopic pregnancy.
If you think that you
may be at risk of developing an ectopic pregnancy due to the any of the above
mentioned reasons, you must talk to your doctor. He or she may suggest appropriated
treatment to prevent ectopic pregnancy. There is no need to worry as it is
possible to have a healthy pregnancy with right and timely medical intervention
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- The Indiaparenting Team