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Preconception Topics..

You are here : home > Preconception > How Babies are Made - The Basics > Process of Conception

Process of Conception

Process of Conception

Do you know how conception takes place? Find out the different stages of conception leading to birth of a new life.

The process of conception defines the manner in which the female gets
pregnant. When the sperm of the man fertilises the egg of the woman, conception takes place. Now, there is a definite process in which this conception takes place in the woman’s body. The different stages of conception and the roles played by the female and the male are explained below:

The Role Played by the Woman

The body of the female gets ready for a possible conception about two weeks prior to the actual conception. Every month with the completion of the menstrual cycle, the levels of estrogen surges. This results in a build-up of blood and tissues on the inner walls of her uterus, so that in case, the egg gets fertilised, it can support the egg in there. As this inner lining of the uterine walls gets thicker, the egg matures in the ovary.

There are two ovaries in the woman, positioned on either side of the uterus. The egg can be formed in any of the ovaries in a given month and gets released from the ovary and travel through the Fallopian tube. Each ovary is connected to the uterus through a Fallopian tube. There are hairlike projections on the inside of the Fallopian tube that pushes the egg so that it reaches and rests at a middle point of the tube, waiting to be fertilised. This process involving the release of the egg is called ovulation. When intercourse takes place during this period, the sperm of the man travels through the vagina with the help of the cervical mucus which thins down in order to aid the sperm to reach the egg in the Fallopian tube.

The Role Played by the Man

The testicles produce the sperm in a man. Millions of sperm cells are produced by the testicles that reaches the penis as they travel through the epididymis, which is a coiled tube like structure that help in the transportation of the semen. Semen gets produced by the seminal vesicles and the prostate gland and is a white fluid like substance. The sperm is nourished by the semen and it also aids the sperm to travel through the vagina of the woman and reach the egg waiting in her Fallopian tubes. During ejaculation, the sperm gets mixed with the semen as it exits the man’s body.

The Point of Conception

When there is an intercourse and the man is sexually aroused, he ejaculates. This is when the sperm from his testicles travels into the vagina of the woman through his penis. The sperm now swims through the cervical mucus, into the cervix and eventually reaches the uterus. There it fertilises the egg and conception takes place. Millions of sperms are released as many of the sperm cells die on their journey to reach the egg in the Fallopian tube. Conception takes place only when a single sperm enters the egg. This process prevents the other sperms from entering the egg. Now the cells of the fertilised egg begin multiplication and soon there is a ball of cells that is physiologically termed as a blastocyte. This blastocyte now travel through the Fallopian tube and reach the uterus, which is the home for the growing life in the womb of the woman. She is now pregnant.

 Now after the conception takes place, it is advisable for the woman to take adequate rest so that the blastocyte is able to get attached with the uterine wall successfully. It takes 3-4 days for the blastocyte to reach the uterus from the fallopian tube. In another eight days post fertilisation, the blastocyte gets attached to the wall of the uterus. By the ninth or tenth day, it is comfortably settled and the process of thickening of the inner walls of the blastocyte takes place for the formation of the embryo. The other cells now get formed into the placenta, which connects the baby and the walls of the uterus of the mother.

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Roxiee.1 year ago
Hi there, I am new here. I am really worried. I am an infertile woman. Life gives and take. I know that. In my case, taking is more serious than giving. It makes me vulnerable. Please help me everone. I need your help. Suggest me some good things. What to do? How to fight? Everything will be helpful for me. I think so.
Jenny.1 year ago
Hi there, I am new here. I love to see you people tking such a great care of everyone. You are feeling very good about it. There is nothing to worry about for me anymore I guess. Now that I am here. I expect from you guys that you help me. It'll be really great for me. I just wish everything to be alright for me. We must take good care.
Jacquliene.1 year ago
Hi fellas, How you all are doing. I am a normal citizen of India like you guys. Basically, I am from someplace else. Now I am here. I love it here. I love this place. I love this country. The problem with me is my infertility. It's not good for me. I feel vulnerable all the time. I don't know what to do? I am so much worried. I am bind by laws here. I don't understand what would be my solution. It's really very difficult for me.
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