Various complications can be caused due to abortion. Read on to know about the possible complications
which may arise due to surgical and non-surgical abortion.
To terminate a pregnancy primarily there
are two types of abortion:
Surgical abortion is a very safe procedure
particularly in the first trimester of pregnancy. During a non-surgical
abortion, medications are used to induce the uterus to contract. This results
in blood and tissues being emptied out of the uterus automatically.
To minimise the risk of complications and adverse reactions
a woman undergoing abortion must clearly share her complete medical information
and history with her health care providers. She must specify any known
allergies or health problems that she may be suffering. It is also essential to
disclose complete and correct information regarding medications or drugs that
she may be taking including herbal supplements if any. By providing all
relevant information it is possible to reduce the risk of complications which
may arise due to abortion to a very large extent.
Some of the possible
complications due to surgical abortion include:
Tissue Being Retained in the Uterus - The thickened lining of the uterus is normally never totally removed
during the surgical abortion procedure. Hence, it is expected that the uterus
will naturally shed excess blood and tissue while healing. In certain rare
cases this retained tissue in the uterus can lead to infection, hemorrhage, or
Unsuccessful Termination of Pregnancy - In certain rare
cases- statistically one in a thousand an
early abortion may not result in the pregnancy
getting terminated. In such cases surgery for aborting the fetus may have
to be repeated. Also in case of ectopic pregnancy only an abdominal surgery can
terminate the fetus.
Clotting of Blood in the Uterus - Sometimes post surgical abortion blood clots may get accumulated in
the uterus and cause severe cramping.
Infection - Post surgery
there are chances of infection setting in due to germs from the vagina and cervix entering the uterus. In case the
woman undergoing abortion happens to suffer from Gonorrhea,
it can lead to serious tubal infections also.
Hemorrhage - In certain rare cases surgical abortion can lead to
heavy bleeding which may require immediate medical attention.
Cervical Tear - During surgery
sometimes the cervix gets torn. Normally, the
tear is a minor and heals quite well on its own. In certain extreme cases
stitches may be required to repair the injury.
- It is normal to experience
moderate vaginal bleeding after a surgical abortion. Usually, the bleeding will
be less than what the woman has during her menstrual period. It may last for a
few days or up to a couple of weeks. However, after the first few days the
bleeding will be light.
In case the bleeding is so heavy that it soaks through one
menstrual pad per hour or two hours in a row, immediate medical assistance must
Possible Complications of Non-Surgical
- Incomplete abortion happens rarely in this case a surgery may
be required to abort the fetus.
- In some rare cases the woman may experience heavy bleeding.
- Allergic reaction to drugs â€“ the instances of this too are very
- Nausea or vomiting or both.
The chances of infection and death due to
non-surgical abortion are very rare. Similarly fertility of the woman will not
be impacted when she undergoes non surgical abortion
Women under the age of 20 are at higher risk of abortion
complications. Apart from the physical complications of abortion, majority of
women who had an abortion suffer from psychological complications that includes
depression, guilt, insomnia and regret. Women may also experience complications
with future pregnancies or have risk of miscarriages. The complete sharing of
information with the doctor can prevent or minimise the complications due to