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Women's Health Topics..

You are here : home > Women's Health > Ovarian Cancer > Prevention and treatment

Prevention and treatment

Ovarian cancer can be prevented by early detection. Intake of foods heavy in saturated fats should be limited. Regular check-ups are must for early detection.

The cancerous growth in the ovaries is termed as ovarian cancer. The symptoms are ovarian cancer are not very prominent. Therefore, this type of cancer is detected in the advanced stages in most of the cases. As such, being aware of the symptoms, preventive measures and treatments of such types of disorders is a must.

Can ovarian cancer be prevented?

Unfortunately, there is no sure way to prevent ovarian cancer.  However, some studies have shown that there is a link between diet and ovarian cancer.  Women who fall in the high risk category (family history) may benefit by limiting their intake of foods heavy in saturated fats.

How can ovarian cancer be treated?

The next best alternative to preventing ovarian cancer is to detect the disease in the early stages and treat it immediately before it spreads.  Most of the time, it is detected during regular check-ups.  Therefore, it is important that you go in for regular physical examinations (which include pap-smear tests) at least once a year.

You should also be alert to any kind of disturbance in the menstrual cycle, be it in terms of flow or frequency.  If you suspect a tumour, an ultrasound examination would also help in detecting it.  Note, however, that a tumour does not necessarily indicate cancer.   Most tumors are benign.  Only tumours that are malignant indicate cancer.

What are the common symptoms of ovarian cancer?

The early symptoms of ovarian cancer are usually neglected as they are mistaken for the symptoms of other common disorders. Let us take a look at some of the common symptoms of ovarian cancer.
  • Increase in urination
  • Menstrual problems
  • Heartburn and indigestion
  • Pain while having intercourse
  • Bloating in abdomen
  • Abdominal pain
  • Abnormal feeling of fullness after having meals 
  • Feeling urge to urinate frequently
  • Tiredness
The above mentioned symptoms may not necessarily signify that a woman may have ovarian cancer. These symptoms may fade away after undergoing usual treatments. However, in certain cases they may persist which can be an alarming sign. In this case you must consult your doctor. These symptoms may become more prominent when the tumour starts spreading. It can be an indication that the cancer has started spreading outside the ovaries.

Factors that can reduce the risk of ovarian cancer

Some researchers have proved that certain factors can help to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer in women. It is found that mother who breastfeed their babies for long term have reduced risk of ovarian as well as breast cancer. It is also marked that usage of birth control pill for three or more than three years significantly reduce the chances of getting affected with ovarian cancer by 30% to 50%. Some surgical procedures like hysterectomy or a tubal ligation are also known to reduce the chances of ovarian cancer in females. Also, researchers say that women who have undergone more than one full-term pregnancy also have reduced risk of ovarian cancer.

What factors can increase the risk of ovarian cancer?

Family history of ovarian cancer can make women more susceptible to it. Health problems like obesity can also increase the chances of ovarian cancer in females by 50%. Incurable or unexplained infertility in women may also make them susceptible to ovarian cancer. Women who are taking estrogen-only hormone replacement therapy (HRT) are also at risk. But the risk reduces in such women when the therapy is over.

Early detection can really help. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid ignoring the symptoms and undergo regular checkups to prevent such problems from getting worse.

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What is Ovarian Cancer
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Sakshi.9 years ago
i think its very important for every women to regularly go for check ups and avoid such diseases in its early stages itself.
jay.9 years ago
i did everything-reg ckups,good diet,no history,butihave stage4 in remission.have a ca-125 blood test.this is the only true way to detect ovarian cancer.
Das.9 years ago
does one loose weight? i have gained a lot put have a clear pap and clear ultrasound but have severe distension , am worried!!!!!!!!
SABABD.9 years ago
to detect cancer it is neccessary to do pap-smear check up every year without forgetting.
in early years doctors never suggested all these test coz of which i lost my mother.
i would like everyone to know that never miss ur pap smear test a year.
chits.9 years ago
prognosis of ovarian cancer
Kuldip Mishra.9 years ago
how many pap smears are being done?
Kuldip Mishra.9 years ago
why gynaecologists still uses cotton swabs as cell sampling tool? which often gives false negative reports.
i suffer from poly cystic ovarian disease (pcod)and not if my cysts are benign or malignant. i am not on any medications and my periods though regular have been ongoing for more than 2 weeks now. i consulted with my doctor who told me that i was probably undergoing stress and she did a couple of tests but nothing unusual was noticed and she told me it was probably vaginal bleeding due to stress. after two months now the bleeding has returned only to be occuring for more than 3 weeks and they are unable to find the cause. i am very concerned about my health. is there any solution. i have taken so many tests that i have no count of them including the pregnancy test and all have been negative for any evidence of disorders.

if any of the doctors on the panel can answer my query i will be deeply greatful.


Chitra.9 years ago
is the biopsy that is mentioned for determining if the cysts are malignant very painful. how is it performed?
Mrs.S.Gupta.9 years ago
i am under treatment for ovarian cyst for the last seven months by a homeopathic consultant. my period is regular and continues for 1 week with excess bleeding. is the above desease curable if i continue with homeo-medicines for long. please advice. is any ultrasound test is necessary now to know the status of grwoth of cyst and when please also advice.
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