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Raising Children Topics..

You are here : home > Raising Children > Speech, Language and Hearing > Speech and Hearing

Speech and Hearing

Communication skill is very important for overall development of a child. Speech development starts from the age of 0-5 years. Speech development is a complex process. Here we have listed the prerequisites of speech development. Read on.

In every child, the development of speech and language is an ongoing process, beginning at birth.  The period from 0-5 years is recognised as important for all aspects of development in a child, including 'hearing', 'language' and 'speech'.  Each month, the baby matures in each of these three interwoven areas, and gradually learns the skill of communication with those around him.  The development of communication skill is essential for every child's emotional, social and intellectual development. 

Although it may seem that babies just develop speech naturally, without trying to put in much effort, acquisition of 'language' for communication through speech is an extraordinarily complex process.  Most parents are not even aware of how the process unfolds.  They frequently do not realise the importance of their role in helping child develop adequate communication skills.  Some developmental skills, such as crawling, sitting, standing and walking seem to occur without much help.  "Learning to talk" must be taught by parents and adults around the child.  Without the right kind of help at the right time, the child may learn the communication skill later, improperly, or not at all.  If parents can familiarize themselves with the process of communication development and how children learn to talk, they can offer great help in this important aspect of growth and development.  To familiarise the parent with the process in this area, we begin with listing down the pre-requisites for normal development of speech and language for communication.

1. Normal Hearing:
Speech and hearing is acquired primarily through hearing.  The maturation of a child's hearing occurs systematically in early months and the child gradually learns to comprehend the spoken language.  Then, through initiation and adult speech, the child learns to express himself through speech.

2. Stimulating Environment:
A stimulating environment, i.e., an environment which provides adequate verbal interactions with family members and peers, is necessary.

3. Normal Intelligence:
To acquire language, a child must have the mental capacity to reason, to make associations and generalizations, and to store items in memory.  In other words, a child can talk only as well as he can think.

4. Normal Coordination of Body Movements:
Since speech is a very rapid and complex motor art, it requires finely tuned neurological regulation and normal coordination of body movements controlled by the brain.

5. Normal functioning of Voice Organs:
Normal structures and functioning of lips, tongue, palate and voice box (larynx) is necessary for speech.

6. Adequate physical and Emotional Health:
Adequate physical and emotional health of the child is necessary to support the growth of language.  Physical and emotional illnesses can affect, restrict and distort relationships with family members.

A number of communicative disorders are known to result if any of the above pre-requisites are not fulfilled.  A variety of factors could prevent the availability of these pre-requisites.  (These will be discussed in detail in the upcoming articles).  However, timely intervention can prevent the limiting effects of such disorders.  In case of any doubts, consult an audiologist and speech-language pathologist at the earliest.

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priya mehra.5 years ago
I used to face the same problem with my child. She used to observe everything but wouldnt reply at all or reply in a single word like ma or pa. I was extremely worried. However, after attending school(Orchids the International, Bangalore), she has improved a lot in communication. As, they make the kids listen to stories and also conduct a truckload of activities that encourage children to communicate well.
Teena Jha.5 years ago
I am looking for a speech therapist for my 3 yr old in thane west.... Thank u
sandyjules.5 years ago
Hi this information can be helpful to anyone looking for a speech therapist in Chennai. Pls do contact regarding any queries or for therapy.number is 9789058025.
Speech therapy can give the desired results.
Hearing Impaired can learn how to speak fluently in an articulated manner. watch
deepshikha.6 years ago
My son 26 month old, respond to music and watching Tv, But doesnot hear except me when I call him. pls help
deepshikha.6 years ago
My son 26 month old, respond to music and watching Tv, But doesnot hear except me when I call him. pls help
Shiva-sagaar.6 years ago
Hi all,am new here,just read something abt speach in lad is 3.5years,doesn't talk much,still wid the baby talk,he understands perfectly our commands,knows A-z, 1-30, says mama,papa,lolo{water},nana{means he is hungry},but he sure is an obedient child.i would like to hear from parents who did experience same as very anxious.thank u.
Abhishek.6 years ago
I hope this info helps others. My 6 year daughter was having tough time in speaking.. She could barely speak, and whatever she could, it was not clear. I Consulted many doctors in Mumbai but there was no improvement. Then one day my office colleague informed me of Dr. Pragati Jain, who is a Speech Therapist & Audiologist at the famous DR. LH Hiranadani hospital in Powai, Mumbai. I booked appointment & went there with my daughter. Dr. Pragati was very humble & polite. She did some detailed analysis & enquired information regarding my daughters speech right from her birth. After examining for almost 20 min, Dr. Pragati told me that my daughter can be cured. Dr informed me my daughter needs to take therapy sessions for about a month, which would happen on alternate days. I was not sure if this doctor would be able to help my daughter, as many other doctors had failed. However, after some discussion with my office colleague, I decided to take 10 days therapy package(got discount on taking package) instead of whole month. 3-4 sessions passed, nothing happened. Dr. Pragati used to play with my daughter with toys, colorful books. I was upset & thought my money & time is getting wasted. However, after about 5 sessions, I was at the top of the world, when my daughter for the very first time called me “PAPA”. Tears came into my eyes on hearing this word from my little daughter. I can’t describe in words, how happy I was. Went to thank Dr. Pragati Jain. She was humble as always. She explained the root cause of my daughters problem & told me that my daughter would be able to talk like a normal child in some time. One important thing, which she told was not to miss any therapy sessions or to take any gaps. I continued to take my daughter alternate days for about 25 sessions & could see amazingly significant improvements. Its been almost 4 months now, since last therapy session. My daughter can speak very clearly now & its all due to this wonderful magician doctor, Mrs. Pragati Jain. Thank you Dr. I would say, she is the BEST SPEECH THERAPIST in MUMBAI.
Neha.3 years ago
can u plz share her contact details..she is not working at hiranandani now
Sundararajan.7 years ago
hello everyone, can anyone suggest me a good speech theraphist at
coimbatore who can actually drop-in to my place for an hour everyday ?
your help is highly appreciated conact me
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