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You are here : home > Pregnancy > Weight Gain, Diet & Exercise > Importance of Magnesium during Pregnancy

Importance of Magnesium during Pregnancy


Along with other nutrients like calcium, iron, etc; women must get right amount of magnesium during pregnancy. Read on to know more about the importance of magnesium during pregnancy.


Required for the formation of bones, proteins and other fatty acids inside the body, magnesium is indispensable as a mineral for humans. For any expectant mother, this mineral rises in its importance for the nourishment it provides. Not only magnesium is instrumental in relaxing the muscles, but also clots the blood efficiently. The consumption of food items with magnesium is also advised to ease leg cramps. Women, who have had a premature labour, suffer from the deficiency of magnesium.

Magnesium is known to have a good effect on the muscles. For this reason, it helps in the relaxation of the muscles inside the womb, and also helps in avoiding premature contractions. Scientific studies have revealed that women consuming magnesium supplements during pregnancy give birth to more healthy babies, thus eliminating the risk of low birth weight. But pregnant women should not take any magnesium supplements without their obstetrician’s prescription.


Putting You to a Peaceful Sleep

Magnesium, by some, has been termed as ‘nature’s tranquillizer’, and thus helps women suffering from stress or anxiety. If it is consumed separately as a supplement, it also eliminates the causes of insomnia. This eventually results in a peaceful sleep for the expectant mother. As we know, a healthy sleeping pattern is vital for any woman as not only it relaxes the womb but also calms the blood pressure.


The Inevitable Presence of Magnesium

It is commonly asked that why magnesium intake is so important during pregnancy the period. Not only does it help in the building and repairing of tissues, it also lessens the probability of preeclampsia. The deficiency of magnesium during pregnancy can result in infant mortality and poor foetal growth. Apart from helping your muscles, magnesium also helps in stronger teeth, better bones, regulates insulin levels and does a world of good to your blood sugar levels. Certain enzyme functions also depend on magnesium presence inside your body. Irregular heartbeats and cholesterol can be tamed if the intake of magnesium is monitored during the pregnancy period.


Food Items Containing Magnesium

There are many recommended food items for an expectant mother containing sufficient amounts of magnesium. While it can be easily found in whole grains, seeds, leafy vegetables, fish and legumes, there are other food items containing this mineral. Pumpkin and sunflower seeds, properly cooked millet, bran cereal, wheat germ, cooked quinoa, spinach spaghetti, cooked brown rice, long boiled Chinese beans, dry roasted cashews, cooked soya beans and spinach are abundant in magnesium. If their intake is monitored, they can prove to be the ideal food item in the diet chart of any expectant mother. Oatmeal, potato and butter are also rich in magnesium and should not be ignored.


Just How much Magnesium is Necessary?

Now that the food items containing magnesium are known to us, it is also important to understand the amount of magnesium our body needs. For pregnant women between the age of 19 and 30, 350mg of magnesium per day is recommended. While women who are below 18 should consume a quantity around 310 mg, women above 31 should have 360mg of magnesium in their diet. However, it is not important to stick to the exact number, but to follow the average number so as to achieve the requisite amount of nutrients in your body. It is best to follow the advice of your obstetrician on magnesium intake during pregnancy. Pregnant women must not take any magnesium supplements without their obstetrician’s prescription. 

An expectant mother should check for the deficiency of magnesium consistently. The symptoms include nausea, loss of appetite, poor memory, muscle twitching, and weakness. The average magnesium quantity can be easily achieved through a balanced diet. However, expectant mothers can often consult their healthcare experts or doctors to have proper recommendations.

It is easy to conclude that for every pregnant woman who wishes to have a healthy pregnancy, the intake of magnesium is strongly advised. Also, the feasibility with which magnesium it can be found adds to its benefits.


Which magnesium rich foods should be included in the diet of pregnant women? Why is magnesium important for pregnant women? What are risks of magnesium deficiency during pregnancy? Discuss here.

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