Do you know how conception takes place? Find out the different stages of
conception leading to birth of a new life.
The process of conception defines the manner in which the female gets pregnant. When the sperm of the man
fertilises the egg of the woman, conception takes place. Now, there is a
definite process in which this conception takes place in the womanâ€™s body. The
different stages of conception and the roles played by the female and the male
are explained below:
The Role Played by the Woman
The body of the female gets ready for a possible conception about two weeks prior to
the actual conception. Every month with the completion of the menstrual cycle,
the levels of estrogen surges. This results in a build-up of blood and tissues on the
inner walls of her uterus, so that in case, the egg gets fertilised,
it can support the egg in there. As this inner lining of the uterine walls gets
thicker, the egg matures in the ovary.
There are two ovaries in the woman, positioned on either side of the
uterus. The egg can be formed in any of the ovaries in a given month and gets
released from the ovary and travel through the Fallopian tube. Each ovary is
connected to the uterus through a Fallopian tube. There are hairlike
projections on the inside of the Fallopian tube that pushes the egg so that it
reaches and rests at a middle point of the tube, waiting to be fertilised. This
process involving the release of the egg is called ovulation. When intercourse takes
place during this period, the sperm of the man travels through the vagina with
the help of the cervical mucus which thins down in order to aid the sperm to
reach the egg in the Fallopian tube.
The Role Played by the Man
The testicles produce the sperm in a man. Millions of sperm cells are
produced by the testicles that reaches the penis as they travel through the epididymis,
which is a coiled tube like structure that help in the transportation of the
semen. Semen gets produced by the seminal vesicles and the prostate gland and
is a white fluid like substance. The sperm is nourished by the semen and it
also aids the sperm to travel through the vagina of the woman and reach the egg
waiting in her Fallopian tubes. During ejaculation, the sperm gets mixed with
the semen as it exits the manâ€™s body.
The Point of Conception
When there is an intercourse and the man is sexually aroused, he
ejaculates. This is when the sperm from his testicles travels into the vagina
of the woman through his penis. The sperm now swims through the cervical mucus,
into the cervix and eventually reaches the uterus. There it fertilises the egg
and conception takes place. Millions of sperms are released as many of the
sperm cells die on their journey to reach the egg in the Fallopian tube.
Conception takes place only when a single sperm enters the egg. This process
prevents the other sperms from entering the egg. Now the cells of the fertilised
egg begin multiplication and soon there is a ball of cells that is
physiologically termed as a blastocyte. This blastocyte now travel through the Fallopian
tube and reach the uterus, which is the home for the growing life in the womb
of the woman. She is now pregnant.
Now after the conception takes place, it is advisable for the
woman to take adequate rest so that the blastocyte is able to get attached with
the uterine wall successfully. It takes 3-4 days for the blastocyte to reach
the uterus from the fallopian tube. In another eight days post fertilisation, the blastocyte gets
attached to the wall of the uterus. By the ninth or tenth day, it is
comfortably settled and the process of thickening of the inner walls of the
blastocyte takes place for the formation of the embryo. The other cells now get
formed into the placenta, which connects the baby and the walls of the uterus
of the mother.