Infertility in females can be caused due to several factors. Getting pregnancy is possible only after the infertility treatment. The treatment depends on the cause of infertility in females. Read on to know about the possible causes of infertility in females.
There are many causes of infertility in females. Some of these causes can be treated with the help of medicines, surgery and lifestyle changes. In cases where the cause of infertility is not treatable, pregnancy can only be achieved with the help of Surrogacy or donor eggs.
One in every five women having problems in conceiving naturally will have issues pertaining to ovulation. These include:
Hypothalmic anovulation - due to over exercising, stress and/or weight loss.
Hormonal problems like inability to produce mature eggs because of malfunctioning of the hypothalamusor the pituitary gland.
Hyperprolactinemia resulting in raised levels of prolactin, a pituitary hormone
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
Unruptured follicle syndrome.
Scarred Ovaries -due to extensive surgeries or exposure to radiation.
Premature Menopause as a result of which ovaries stop producing eggs.
Problems of the Fallopian Tubes
Fallopian tubes can get affected due to
Infection - Infection like tuberculosis and sexually transmitted diseases
Abdominal Diseases - Abdominal diseases like appendicitis and colitis which result in inflammation of the abdominal cavity. This can in turn affect the fallopian tubes and lead to scarring and blockage.
Ectopic Pregnancy - Ectopic pregnancy which occurs in the fallopian tube itself is a life-threatening condition. Often this kind of pregnancy causes tubal damage which cannot be reversed.
Pelvic or Abdominal Surgery - Surgery of the pelvic or abdominal organs can cause adhesions that alter the tubes in such a way that eggs are unable to pass through them.
Hydrosalpinx - Hydrosalpinx is a specific kind of fallopian tube blockage in which the tube is obstructed near its fimbrial end. Fallopian tube in such cases gets filled with clear watery fluid.
Pyosalpinx - Pyosalpinx is a condition in which the blocked tube is acutely inflamed and becomes filled with pus. Sometimes with the help of antibiotics it is possible to treat this condition. Otherwise it may rupture and form an abscess in the pelvis for which surgery may be required for removal.
Cervical fibroids can impair conception and cause infertility issues
Hormonal imbalance in the body can alter the consistency of the cervical mucus thereby preventing swimming of sperm to reach the fallopian tubes.
Endometriosis is a condition in which there is excessive growth of endometrium or the lining of the uterus. The excessive growth may occur in the uterus, abdomen, fallopian tubes, ovaries and the pelvic peritoneum. Endometriosis can normally be diagnosed with the help of laparoscopy. Symptoms of this condition include heavy, painful menstrual periods, urgency to urinate, rectal bleeding and premenstrual spotting.
Normal endometriotic spots or cysts which affect natural conception can be removed with the help of hormonal treatment or surgery. Severe cases of endometriosis may be difficult to treat as a result of which the woman in question may have to undergo IUI or IVF treatment to have a baby.The above listed are some of the major causes of infertility in women. Some of the other related factors which can impact the ability of a woman to conceive naturally include:
Age- fertility in women drops drastically after the age of 35
History of sexually transmitted disease or multiple miscarriages
Lifestyle factors like obesity, stress and smoking
Diabetes, thyroid and epilepsy.
Sometimes infertility in
women may be due to abnormal uterus. Presence of fibroids or polyps may
obstruct the uterus thus causing infertility. Congenital abnormalities such as
septate uterus are also one of the causes of infertility as it may lead to miscarriage
or problems in conceiving. Abnormal
cervical mucus due to hormonal imbalance also causes infertility.
In cases of unexplained infertility, the exact cause of
infertility in a woman is not identified even after a number of tests. There is
no clear explanation of infertility in such cases. Everything seems normal yet
the reason for not been able to conceive remains a mystery. This can be
overcome by fertility therapy which may include fertility drugs with assisted
reproductive technology procedures.
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- The Indiaparenting Team