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Infertility Treatments and Solutions Topics..

You are here : home > Infertility Treatments and Solutions > Related Articles for Infertility Solutions > Causes of Infertility in Females

Causes of Infertility in Females

Infertility in females can be caused due to several factors. Getting pregnancy is possible only after the infertility treatment. The treatment depends on the cause of infertility in females. Read on to know about the possible causes of infertility in females.

There are many causes of infertility in females. Some of these causes can be treated with the help of medicines, surgery and lifestyle changes. In cases where the cause of infertility is not treatable, pregnancy can only be achieved with the help of Surrogacy or donor eggs.

The major causes of infertility in females are
  • Ovulation issues

  • Problems of the fallopian tubes

  • Issues related to the uterus

  • Endometriosis

  • Multiple factors

  • Unexplained infertility

Issues Related to Ovulation

One in every five women having problems in conceiving naturally will have issues pertaining to ovulation. These include:
  • Hypothalmic anovulation - due to over exercising, stress and/or weight loss.

  • Hormonal problems like inability to produce mature eggs because of malfunctioning of the hypothalamusor the pituitary gland.

  • Hyperprolactinemia resulting in raised levels of prolactin, a pituitary hormone

  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).

  • Unruptured follicle syndrome.

  • Scarred Ovaries -due to extensive surgeries or exposure to radiation.

  • Premature Menopause as a result of which ovaries stop producing eggs.

Problems of the Fallopian Tubes

Fallopian tubes can get affected due to

Infection - Infection like tuberculosis and sexually transmitted diseases

Abdominal Diseases - Abdominal diseases like appendicitis and colitis which result in inflammation of the abdominal cavity. This can in turn affect the fallopian tubes and lead to scarring and blockage.

Ectopic Pregnancy - Ectopic pregnancy which occurs in the fallopian tube itself is a life-threatening condition. Often this kind of pregnancy causes tubal damage which cannot be reversed.

Pelvic or Abdominal Surgery - Surgery of the pelvic or abdominal organs can cause adhesions that alter the tubes in such a way that eggs are unable to pass through them.

Hydrosalpinx - Hydrosalpinx is a specific kind of fallopian tube blockage in which the tube is obstructed near its fimbrial end. Fallopian tube in such cases gets filled with clear watery fluid.

Pyosalpinx - Pyosalpinx is a condition in which the blocked tube is acutely inflamed and becomes filled with pus. Sometimes with the help of antibiotics it is possible to treat this condition. Otherwise it may rupture and form an abscess in the pelvis for which surgery may be required for removal.

Cervical Factors

  • Cervical fibroids can impair conception and cause infertility issues

  • Hormonal imbalance in the body can alter the consistency of the cervical mucus thereby preventing swimming of sperm to reach the fallopian tubes.


Endometriosis is a condition in which there is excessive growth of endometrium or the lining of the uterus. The excessive growth may occur in the uterus, abdomen, fallopian tubes, ovaries and the pelvic peritoneum. Endometriosis can normally be diagnosed with the help of laparoscopy. Symptoms of this condition include heavy, painful menstrual periods, urgency to urinate, rectal bleeding and premenstrual spotting.

Normal endometriotic spots or cysts which affect natural conception can be removed with the help of hormonal treatment or surgery. Severe cases of endometriosis may be difficult to treat as a result of which the woman in question may have to undergo IUI or IVF treatment to have a baby.The above listed are some of the major causes of infertility in women. Some of the other related factors which can impact the ability of a woman to conceive naturally include:
  • Age- fertility in women drops drastically after the age of 35

  • History of sexually transmitted disease or multiple miscarriages

  • Lifestyle factors like obesity, stress and smoking

  • Diabetes, thyroid and epilepsy.

Sometimes infertility in women may be due to abnormal uterus. Presence of fibroids or polyps may obstruct the uterus thus causing infertility. Congenital abnormalities such as septate uterus are also one of the causes of infertility as it may lead to miscarriage or problems in conceiving.  Abnormal cervical mucus due to hormonal imbalance also causes infertility.

In cases of unexplained infertility, the exact cause of infertility in a woman is not identified even after a number of tests. There is no clear explanation of infertility in such cases. Everything seems normal yet the reason for not been able to conceive remains a mystery. This can be overcome by fertility therapy which may include fertility drugs with assisted reproductive technology procedures. 

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Shruti.3 years ago
Valuable information you have shared about causes of infertility in females ...
Hemant.5 years ago
Many women are waiting until their 30s and 40s to have children. So age common cause of fertility problems. Aging decreases a woman's chances of having a baby due to decrease in number of eggs and poor egg quality
Charu.5 years ago
Stress, poor diet and smoking are common causes of infertility in females. Women need to change their lifestyle to have a healthy pregnancy.
Sudha.5 years ago
Infertility is a common issue faced by most women. I think this is due to late marriage, unhealthy eating. Many of the infertility issues can be prevented if proper care is taken.
anuverma.5 years ago
Hi Dear

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