testing has gained much importance in recent years as it helps in treating
person with inherited disorders. In genetic testing study of the gene and
chromosome is done to find out any change in their pattern. This test is very
useful in determining inherited diseases. This test is done with blood or skin
tissue sample. Read on to know more about this tasting.
Any change in pattern related to chromosome, gene or
protein can be identified through a medical
test which is known as genetic testing. Doctors usually prescribe a genetic
test when they are treating a patient with inherited disorders, and the test
enables them to locate and identify the changes. In simple words, a genetic
testing reveals whether the said individual has inherited a tendency to develop
This stands them in a good stead to take measures in
order to effectively protect them selves. Genetic testing is conducted by
obtaining a sample of blood or skin tissue from the body of the person. There
is another aspect to genetic testing and it is related to gene mutations.
Genetic tests can prove to be a great help in
confirming or ruling out a certain genetic condition. It also brings forth the
chances or possibility of the person developing the suspected genetic condition
or passing on the disorder
to his or her offspring. Medical technology is advancing in leaps and bounds
and there is a wide array of genetic tests that are currently followed by
doctors. And with the ongoing research, there are a lot more that are on the
Genetic testing is just a suggestion and not an
imposition of treatment style.
should Undergo Genetic Testing?
Since this is rather a new development, there is a
belief that genetic testing is forcefully conducted on patients for either
research purposes or for the benefit of doctors. This is not true. Genetic
testing can be suggested and it is the voluntary decision of the patient or his
family members on whether they wish to carry it out or not. It is important to
note that there are limits and benefits to genetic testing, from the purview of
the patient. It is advisable to take this personal decision after much thought
as the aftermath can be pretty complex one.
is Genetic Counseling?
counseling is necessary with reference to the possible results or outcome
of the testing which can well reveal certain unpleasant truths that has the
potential to affect relationships and change the course of the life-plans. It
is also thereby advisable that before going for genetic testing, one should
seek the help and opinion of a genetic counselor.
Only a counselor is equipped to provide you with all
the relative information regarding the advantages and disadvantages of the
test. This is of much serious importance as there are countless social and
emotional ramifications of the genetic testing. One needs to be completely
aware of the outcome and the associated possibilities that it will bring along
Results of Genetic Testing
The results of genetic testing can either be positive or negative. The
connotations are explained in brief below.
Positive Result – This entails
that the individual has the mutations that he was tested for. A positive result
means that the likelihood of the person developing a certain disease is high.
But at the same time it is important to understand that this does not mean that
the individual will definitely contract the disease.
Negative Result –
This simply entails that the suspect that the certain mutation is present in
is not true. This also means that the said disease does not run in the family
tree of the individual. Therefore, the chances of your developing the disease
are lower when compared to other people. But at the same time, it is important
to understand that the individual is not at all exposed to the risk of
contracting the disease. It is only that the chances are less.