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You are here : home > Fertility Issues > Recent Advances in Medicine > G.I.F.T.

G.I.F.T.


G.I.F.T or gamete intrafallopian transfer is one of the assisted reproduction techniques used for treating infertility problems. Read on to learn more about G.I.F.T.


G.I.F.T or gamete intrafallopian transfer technique was first tried by a British obstetrician and gynaecologist named Patrick Christopher Steptoe along with an English physiologist Robert Edwards. Both of them are well known for their exceptional contribution in the field of assisted reproduction. The G.I.F.T technique allows fertilization of an egg inside women’s body. Let us find out more about G.I.F.T technique which is used for treating infertility.


What is G.I.F.T.?

This is an alternative technique for treating infertility. G.I.F.T. stands for Gamete Intra-Fallopian Transfer. The word gamete refers to the sex cells, i.e. both eggs and sperm.


How does the G.I.F.T. method work?

In the G.I.F.T. method, eggs are retrieved from the ovaries as in I.V.F. using either laparoscopy or T.U.D.O.R. These eggs are then transferred with a specially prepared sperm sample into the outer fimbrial opening of the fallopian tube by laparoscopy under a general anaesthetic.


How long does it take to complete one cycle of G.I.F.T.?

One cycle of G.I.F.T. ideally takes four to six weeks to complete. For undergoing this treatment a woman has to take fertility drugs as prescribed by the doctor in order to stimulate the ovaries to produce eggs. After that the doctor will keep the growth of ovarian follicles in the woman under observation. Once the eggs become mature, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is injected in woman. Roughly after 36 hours, eggs are retrieved and mixed with sperms and transferred to the fallopian tubes of woman with the help of laparoscopy.


What are the advantages of G.I.F.T.?

The advantage that G.I.F.T. offers is that it allows fertilisation to take place naturally within the fallopian tube with a higher chance that implantation will also occur naturally. The obvious requirement is that the tubes must be patent and healthy. G.I.F.T. therefore offers an alternative treatment to couples where I.V.F may have been the only other option.


What other treatments involve injection of sperm?

In addition to G.I.F.T., other techniques that involve the injection of sperm alone, or with retrieved eggs into the peritoneal cavity via the vagina, such as V.I.S.P.E.R. (Vaginal Injection of Sperm Peritoneally) are at present being evaluated. It is hoped that techniques such as V.I.S.P.E.R. will be more straightforward to perform than G.I.F.T., and will, if performed under the control of ultrasound guidance alone, remove the need for a general anaesthetic, which is always associated with laparoscopy.


When is G.I.F.T technique opted?

The G.I.F.T technique is opted when a couple prefers fertilization to happen inside mother’s body pertaining to some ethical reasons. This technique is also used in case of infertility issues in men like sperm dysfunction or in case if the cause of infertility is not known. But for G.I.F.T technique to work, at least one of the fallopian tubes of woman is required to be healthy.


What is the success rate of G.I.F.T technique?

Ideally the success rate of any infertility treatment is determined by the quality of the eggs and sperms as well as the age of the couples. As per the estimate, nearly 25 to 30% of G.I.F.T cycles turnout to be a successful pregnancy. The first successful G.I.F.T baby Todd Holden was born in October 1986 in UK.


What is the difference between G.I.F.T and I.V.F?

One of the notable differences between G.I.F.T and I.V.F is that in G.I.F.T technique the fertilization of egg takes place inside the fallopian tube of woman whereas in case of I.V.F the fertilization is takes place in the laboratory. In the laboratory settings used for I.V.F. the sperms are allowed to fertilize the egg in the tube.

The G.I.F.T technique of assisted reproduction may not be suitable for the women who are coping with blocked fallopian tubes or those who do not have fallopian tubes. In this case I.V.F or in-vitro fertilization can be a viable option for them.

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1099 Comments
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anmesh.4 years ago
want to donate my sperm to a couple who not have baby......i wanna donate my sperm.
u can send me msg on my
thn i wil cal u and discuss for further......
 
 
 
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haleema khatoon.8 years ago
i have done one ivf in one of the best clinic in hyd but its failed . my both follipion tubes are damage because of tuberculosis . please advice me , iam 27 years old .
 
 
 
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haleema khatoon.8 years ago
how can i have g i f t like my both tubes r complitly damage it cannot be open .
 
 
 
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Dolly.8 years ago
hi, can i get some contact information for dr. nayna patel of akanksha infertilty clinic at anand, gujarat. would be really grateful for your help.

thanks
 
 
 
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rajani.8 years ago
married since 6yeras but did not concieve even once reports appears to be normal .please help me as to what should i do
 
 
 
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suhas.8 years ago
hi,i am married since 5years and my wife did not concieve yet our reports aer normal but we are unabe to get a child what do we do . does a man being bisexual effects in any way to get a child please help me with this my spearm count is normal.
 
 
 
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neeru.8 years ago
can anyone tell me about dr. anuradha, because i want to go for ivf. and i want to know how much she is going to charge per cycle
 
 
 
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neeru.8 years ago
when is the right time to go for ivf, is it right in summer or winter or anytime
 
 
 
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rambo.8 years ago
can i get email account of dr indira hinduja
 
 
 
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Bhavesh soni.8 years ago
hi
married since 6yeras but did not concieve even once reports appears to be normal .please help me as to what should i do , i want option about test tube baby how it.
 
 
 
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