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You are here : home > Fertility Issues > Recent Advances in Medicine > Test tube Pregnancies(In Vitro Fertilisation I.V.F)

Test tube Pregnancies(In Vitro Fertilisation I.V.F)

Test tube pregnancy or I.V.F.  procedure involves fertilizing an egg outside the body and then transferring the embryo back into the uterus. This technique has revoltunised the infertility clinics .This has rekindled the hope of many infertile couples.

What is "test-tube" pregnancy (I.V.F)

In 1977, Mr. Steptoe and Dr. Edwards achieved the first successful human pregnancy by the technique of in-vitro fertilisation and embryo transfer. This procedure involves fertilizing an egg outside the body and then transferring the embryo back into the uterus. 

For whom is I.V.F. advisable

Candidates for I.V.F. are usually those women with irreparably damaged tubes. I.V.F. can also be the treatment of last resort in the case of problems like oligospermia, major cervical mucus hostility factors and certain cases of unexplained infertility. 

A woman's age must be considered. Older women feel additional pressure as they feel their biological clocks are ticking and time is running out. The majority of I.V.F clinics put a ceiling on the age for women eligible for this treatment. The general limit is 38 years. 

This very complex procedure (which has been explained in a very simplistic fashion here), is time-consuming and expensive. While I.V.F. offers hope to many people, its use is only indicated for a very small proportion of the infertile population.

How successful is this treatment

The success rate of pregnancy associated with this treatment ranges between 15-30%. In the case of a very young patient with a severe tubal problem, it is worth attempting tubal surgery first since even the low success of surgery in these circumstances will probably be greater than the likely success of I.V.F. 

What tests are undertaken before performing I.V.F. 

Once the couple has been seen and considered to be possibly suitable for I.V.F., a series of tests commence which will include semen analysis, semen culture and assessment of the menstrual cycle with hormone assays. Depending on the technique that will be used to retrieve the eggs (oocytes) a preliminary laparoscopy or ovarian ultrasound scan may be required, so that the accessibility of the ovaries can be determined.

How is I.V.F. carried out 

A combination of clomiphene and Pergonal is usually given to promote the maturation of several follicles. The idea is that if one has several follicles available for egg retrieval, then if more than one egg is successfully fertilized and transferred back into the uterus, the odds are greater that at least one of them will successfully implant. The progress of the growth of the follicles is closely monitored either by blood and urine tests or by ultrasound measurement of the follicles.

Once the follicles are ready for ovulation, H.C.G. of 5,000 units is given. The eggs are retrieved  33-36 hours following the H.C.G. injection.

There are two methods which clinics may use for egg retrieval.

  1. Laparoscopy. This is carried out under general anaesthetic. The eggs are retrieved from their follicles using a very fine suction needle.
  2. T.U.D.O.R. This stands for Trans-vesical, Ultrasound Directed Oocyte Recovery. This is an outpatient procedure performed under a local anesthetic. In this method, a suction probe is guided by ultrasound control through the bladder. This technique also has the advantage of being able to retrieve eggs from an inaccessible ovary even if it is covered by adhesions.
The eggs are now incubated for 4-24 hours in a specially prepared culture medium in order to ensure that adequate maturation has occurred. 100,000-1,000,000 specially prepared progressively swimming sperm are then added to the incubated eggs. Fertilisation takes place within the next 24 hours. 2-3 days later the embryo transfer takes place. This is a painless procedure and no anaesthetic is required.

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Recent comments (159 comments)
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Name: Best IVF Specialist in Delhi at www.rash
Country: India

Dr. Rashmi Sharma is the best IVF Specialist in Delhi, IVF Doctor in Delhi, and her IVF Center in Delhi is very nice. you can find ivf center for best ivf specialist in delhi.
Name: Rima
Country: India

Dr. Rashmi Sharma is one of the best IVF Specialist in Delhi, IVF Doctors in Delhi, and her IVF Centre in Delhi is very nice.for consult best ivf Specialist Doctors in Delhi, Call Now+91- 9717252619. for more information please visit at www.drrashmisharma .com
Name: Rima
Country: India

Dr. Rashmi Sharma is one of the best IVF Specialist in Delhi, IVF Doctors in Delhi, and her IVF Centre in Delhi is very nice.for consult best ivf Specialist Doctors in Delhi, Call Now+91- 9717252619. for more information about ivf please visit at
Name: manoj
Country: India

Hi sameer i know 1 gnaecologist in delhi Dr Surveen. You can contact her @ And for all those seeking advice in ivf can also visit her.
Name: Sree
Country: India

Hi Folks, any undergone IVF , if yes please suggest a good ivf specialist in Gurgaon
Name: Anna
Country: India

Hie, am a 22 year old female, anglo indian, with excellent health, and good habits and am willing to help you :) Please contact me. 9670819901 or mail me : for egg donations :)
Name: Anna
Country: India

Hie, am a 22 year old female, anglo indian, with excellent health, and good habits and am willing to help you :) Please contact me. 9670819901
Name: mukesh
Country: India

how successful is this I.V.F in india??? do they have any side effects???
Name: melisa
Country: India

hi i am 27years old married women and now living without husband.but i am really want to i am working japan and me and my baby can living japan.but i wont to make a baby witout doing sex with another guy.But Doctor,s want join some boy i can manage that.i have a 1of indian friend.he can help me i cant live along life time .because i want some child live with me and shair my life.pls kindly understand me.please help me. my e mail is-
Name: rahul
Country: India

Name: sameer
Country: India

hi, can u give the suggestion. which is the best gaynologist in delhi, gurgaon where we go and take treatment of ivf.......
Name: komal
Country: India

i am happy i found this article here. this gives me a chance to share happiness that ivf gave me. my sister wasn't able to conceive even after 8 years of getting married. thankfully, she got to know about Adiva, an ivf and birthing center in south delhi. due to the ivf treatment from this hospital, she is now a mom of a cute baby boy. Pooja, please don't lose heart. all the very best.
Name: Kate
Country: Nigeria

are test tube babies archievable in nigeria, if yest, what is the cost like, also recomment any of the hospital that carry out such services
Name: pooja
Country: India

have married 10 yrs ago but ihave no child
Name: Aspectplay

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Name: nazma akther
Country: U.S.A.

iam married about 5years.but we dont have a baby,me and my husband worry about i want to know how much cost ivf in bangladess.pls
Name: geeta
Country: Bhutan

Name: geeta
Country: Bhutan

Name: ivf
Country: Pakistan

please tell me which is good clinic for ivf in islambad pakistan been merried over 15years cant wait any more please pray for me!
Name: amjidalimumtaz
Country: Pakistan

is ivf safe and how much does it cost in pakistan
Name: geeta
Country: Bhutan

hi i am advice b m doctor to go for ivr test tube baby can u please suggest me what to do futher and can you tell me the successful doctor in delhi and the cost so that i can go for it asap
Name: urmila
Country: India

i have married 10 yrs ago but ihave no child, i have done i.u.i in five time but not achieve success, kindly suggest me about i.v.f regarding
Name: zakia
Country: Pakistan

i want baby plz inform me about ivf result in islamabad n how is the best centre off ivf in islamabad plz
Name: z
Country: India

Name: amber
Country: India

can you have a test tube pregnancy when your tubes are burnt

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