Just like men, infertility in women can be due to a wide
number of factors, each complex in their own way. With the advancement of
medical technology, most of them are treatable. Ovulation disorder is found to
be most common cause of infertility
The Other Causes Are:
- The blockage of fallopian
- Disorders in the
reproduction tract due to endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory diseases
- Congenital birth defects
where the uterine structures and the uterine fibroids
gets affected due to numerous miscarriages
- The other major factor is
disorders cause infertility?
Ovulation disorder refers to the malfunctioning of the
reproduction system. This problem encompasses several other systems like the
hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, adrenal gland and the genital
organs too. For instance if the progesterone levels are low, which are produced
by the ovaries, the lining of the uterine wall does not build up which is
potentially preparing itself for the fetus. Then again ovulation
is triggered by the luteinizing hormone and the follicle stimulating hormone.
But when the gonadotropin hormone released by the hypothalamus does not occur,
ovulation stops. Further if there is a tumor or Prolactinoma is the pituitary
gland, it fails to produce the essential prolactin hormone that is responsible
for stimulating milk production and triggers ovulation.
There are several
other factors that cause ovulation problems:
or the polycystic ovary syndrome
- Hypo and hyper thyroidism
- Problem with the adrenal
- Excessive obesity or
sudden and extreme weight loss
- High amount of stress or
- Other psychological
factors causing hormonal imbalance
- Early menopause is another
cause where the ovaries simply fail to produce enough eggs even if the
woman is relatively young.
Blockage in the Fallopian
Endometriosis, ectopic surgery or a pelvic inflammatory
disease can cause a blockage in the fallopian tubes. Even a ruptured appendix
can be a factor apart from unusual structural disorders that are a result of
birth defects. Blockage can be caused by presence of fibroids inside the uterus
or accumulation of scar tissues in the adhesion or the unconnected structures
within the uterus and pelvic area. This naturally hinders the free movement of
the eggs from the ovary to the uterus.
The fertilized egg
cannot implant in the uterus
This infertility factor is caused by changed property of the
cervical mucus. In normal cases the cervical mucus is thick in texture. This
makes it difficult for the sperm to enter till before ovulation takes place.
After ovulation, the mucus transforms into a clear and elastic fluid so that
the sperm can easily swim through the mucus and reach the uterus and fallopian
But in abnormal situations, this transformation of mucus
does not take place. This is caused by some infection or the presence of
antibodies which hinders a successful pregnancy.
A woman’s fertility is greatly affected by aging. When a
woman is 25, she has about 25% chance of getting pregnant during intercourse
and the percentage rapidly falls with the advancement of age. After her
mid-thirties and by the time she is in her early forties, the chances are as
less as 5-10%. As the reproductive system goes inactive, the woman has to deal
with several compound infertility issues.
Apart from the depletion of the ovarian reserve, there are
other factors to contend with. Some eggs remain in the ovary and do not mature.
With the advancement of age when these eggs are released, they usually are
found to have a hard outer covering which the sperm fails to penetrate and
fertilize, thus leading to infertility.
A major cause of infertility is the Pelvic Infertility
Disease. This is caused by the infection of the cervix, ovaries, fallopian
tubes, uterus or the pelvis primarily by bacteria causing sexually transmitted
diseases. These bacteria can enter the system during abortion, ruptured
appendix, and insertion of IUDs, childbirth or hysterectomy.