according to the schedule prescribed by a paediatrician is a must. Here are
things that you need to know about the cholera vaccination.
of the most serious diseases is cholera which is even fatal. Although, very
rare in the developed countries, cholera is quite common in the poor countries
and places where living conditions are not up-to-the-mark. For all the kids,
people who need to travel to cholera-prone areas should always opt for this
It is an acute diarrhoeal illness
caused by the bacteria named enterotoxin subunit-A of Vibrio
It is a water-borne infection
which mostly attracts through ingestion of the faecal contaminated
The incubation period of this disease is around 2-5
days. Although in some of the cases it might just take a few
This disease is very much prone in the areas where
the sanitation condition is poor. It has a mortality rate of 30-50%.
Cholera is an epidemic and any
place after a natural disaster or war is common.
It can spread from one person to
another through faeco-oral route.
Few Things about Cholera
The cholera vaccine is not
licensed to be used as an infection control device for managing cholera or preventing
the travellerâ€™s diarrhoea.
This vaccine should not be thought
of as an alternative to any standard hygiene defence, which is the most
prominent way to prevent cholera or any other food or water borne disease.
Immunisation is required for: the
ones working as an aid in the disaster relief camps and the refugee camps,
travellers who are going to a remote place with poor sanitary
Effectiveness of Cholera
The vaccination protects
against the V. Cholerae serotype O1. Hence, it is ineffective for the
prevention of the infection with the non-O1 injuries such as the V. Cholerae
serotype called O1. The oral cholera vaccinations are safe and they even offer
real good protection against the disease.
vaccination which is currently available kills the bacteria and prevents almost
50%-60% of the episodes of this disease.
The Schedule of the
You must follow the vaccination
schedule as prescribe by your doctor. Take a quick look at the
general vaccination schedule for cholera.
Adults and children above the age
of 6 years are advised two doses of the oral cholera vaccines and should be
given at an interval of 1-6 weeks.
Children between the age group of
2-6 years advised three vaccine doses necessarily but each of the doses should
be given at an interval of 1-6 weeks.
There should not be more than 6
weeks of interval between the vaccine doses. One should always complete the
Adults and Children above 6 years:
A booster might be given after two years of the primary course. If there is a
gap of more than 2 years, the vaccination should start again with the primary
course under doctorâ€™s guidance.
Children Between 2-6 Years: A
booster vaccine dose should be given after every six months under a doctorâ€™s
Who Should Not Get Cholera
The oral cholera vaccinations
should not be given to:
The persons who have serious
anaphylactic reactions for the oral cholera vaccine.
Anybody with the anaphylactic
reaction for any of the components of the cholera vaccine.
The pregnant women and the one who
are breast-feeding their newly borns should never get the cholera vaccine. In
such cases doctor may suggest safer alternatives.
Generally, this cholera
vaccination is well-tolerated by the receivers, however, there are some side
effects which have been invented over the
vomiting, nausea, cramps and abdominal pains which are rare in only 1 in 100
people receiving the vaccine.
Rash, arthralgia, paraesthesia and
other flu-like syndromes can also be seen in some
Cholera vaccination, although invented
late, is a must for all the children. Along with the other vaccine
shots which should be given to the children after attaining the right
age, cholera vaccine is also vital. Follow the immunisation schedule prescribed
by your doctor for immunizing
children against cholera.
is the importance of cholera vaccination? At what age should children receive
cholera vaccination shots? When is it not advisable to take cholera
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