Immunization can help to
prevent dreadful diseases in children. Read on to learn more about what
immunization is and why it is a must to get children immunized.
Immunization is a form of a
preventive measure that is taken to prevent dreadful diseases. It prepares the
body to fight against infection. Its aim is to protect individuals and
communities from infectious diseases.
Immunization is a form
of preventive medicine. It not only protects individuals but also communities
from infectious diseases. Immunization operates like an early warning system.
It prepares the body to fight against infection.
How does immunization
Immunization operates on
the premise that once you have had a disease, you are unlikely to contract it
Through injections, oral drops or scratches on the
skin, the body is exposed to weakened or dead disease-producing microorganisms
or to the toxins they produce. This will cause the individual to develop the
same antibodies and antitoxins that would have been developed if the person had
actually contracted the disease, in order to fight the
Once the body has been exposed to an infection, the
immune system will "recognize" if the disease were to recur, and
produce antibodies or antitoxins to destroy the infection. The body has to be
exposed to infection once for the immune system to recognize it. This is done
Against what kind of disorders are children usually
Children are immunized
or vaccinated against various dreadful diseases starting from the time of their
birth. They are immunized against various disorders like TB, Polio, Diphtheria,
Pertussis (whooping cough), Tetanus, Haemophilus Influenza Type B, Pneumonia,
Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Hepatitis A, Varicella,
Typhoid, Cancer, Genital Warts, Meningococcal Disease, Cholera and Japanese
What is the immunization schedule in India?
Let us take a look at
the detailed immunization schedule that is recommended by Indian Association of
The BCG and Hep B1 vaccination is
given at birth.
Hep B2 vaccination is given
between 6 to 10 weeks of baby’s age.
Hep B3 vaccination is given
between 6 to 15 months of baby’s age.
Polio vaccination is given at
birth, 6 weeks, 10 weeks, between 14 to 18 weeks and during the 6th
Tadp (Tetanus and Diphtheria Toxoids and Acellular
Pertussis) vaccine is given between 11 to 12 years.
Hib (Haemophilus Influenzae Type
B) vaccine is given at 6th, 10th and 14th week and the booster dose is given
between 12 to 18 months.
Rotavirus vaccine is given at 6th,
10th and 14th week of the birth of the child.
Measles vaccine is given between 9
to 12 months of baby’s age.
MMR (Measles, Mumps and Rubella) vaccine is given
between 12 to 18 months. The second dose of MMR vaccine is given between 4 to 6
years of the age of child.
The first dose of Varicella
vaccine is given between 15 to 18 months and the second dose is given between 4
to 6 years.
The first and second dose of Hep A
(Hepatitis A) vaccine is given between 12 to 18 months.
Typhoid vaccine is given between 2
to 3 years.
HPV (Human Papilloma Viruses)
vaccine is given between 11 to 12 years of child’s
To find a detailed vaccination schedule and to
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What are the risks of immunization?
Very rarely, one hears
of cases where immunization has resulted in the development of fatal
complications. Most children have a mild reaction to immunization, but a few
have become seriously ill. With some vaccines there is a negligible risk of
serious or permanent damage or even death. As you are aware, your child can be
at risk while crossing the street or even sleeping in her bed. Just as you take
precautions in these routine life situations, you should take precautions
before vaccinating your child.
Make sure she is in good
health before taking her for a shot and report any side effects to the doctor
immediately. Remember that the advantages of immunization far outweigh its
drawbacks. It is thanks to immunization that a disease like small pox has been
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- The Indiaparenting Team