Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar also known as B.R. Ambedkar or “Babasaheb” was born on April 14, 1891 at MHOW (Military Headquarter of War) in Madhya Pradesh. He is known as the “Father of Indian Constitution”. On 14th April every year Babasaheb’s birthday or Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated all over India to honor his contribution to the Indian Society.
Life and Activities of Dr. Ambedkar
Dr. Ambedkar was born in Madhya Pradesh in family of Dalits or untouchables. Dalits were considered to be a low caste community during those times. He was the first ones of the “untouchables” to seek and obtain college education in India. After studying in India he pursued his education abroad and obtained doctorates in law, Economics and Political Science from Columbia University and London School of Economics. Upon returning to India he started practicing law and contributed actively for the betterment of rights of untouchables in India.
In addition to being a Jurist, Dr. Ambedkar was philosopher, historian, thinker, editor and a prolific writer. He joined the freedom struggle of India in 1936 and entered politics. The ‘Independent Labour Party’ of India was founded by him. For uplifting the Dalits in India he wrote and published a number of books like the Untoucahbles, The Annihilation of Caste, Who are Shudras and A Thesis on the Origins of Untouchability.
Post independence, the government invited Dr. Ambedkar to be the first Law
Minister of the nation. He was appointed as the Chairman of the Constitution
Drafting Committee on August 29, 1945 and entrusted with the responsibility of
writing free India’s new constitution. He died on 6th December, 1956. Dr.
Ambedkar was honoured with the highest Indian civilian award the Bharat Ratna
Champion of Untouchables
Ambedkar became the undisputed leader of the untouchables or “Shudras” who were considered a backward community in the country. The people of backward class look up to him as a leader who had risen above all odds to achieve immense success in life.
He was an important figure in the India’s freedom movement
and was outspoken in his views about British rulers. He also criticized the
failure of the Indian National Congress to eradicate the practice of social
discrimination in the country.
Fight for Women’s Rights
Dr. Ambedkar was passionate about a whole lot of pressing
issues which the young independent India had to face. For example in 1950 he
resigned from his position as the country's first law minister when the
Congress led government refused to pass the Women's
Ambedkar Jayanti Celebrations
April 14th is a public holiday in India and celebrated as Ambedkar Jayanti. Dalit organisations all over India pay tribute to their great leader who was a champion of untouchables on this day. Huge processions and rallies are taken out. A number of cultural programs are organised in Dalit Melas followed by prayer meeting. Statues of Dr. Ambedkar are decorated and people offer obligations and pay homage to him.
Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm and fanfare across India, particularly in Maharashtra, the birth state of this great soul. On his birthday memorial speeches are delivered at special functions held in state capitals and prayers offered to Babasaheb. Political Parties, independent organisations and different leaders hold special meetings and conventions on this occasion.
Thanks to Dr. Ambedkar, Dalits the backward communities of India are today leading a better life. In modern India it is not rare to see educated people from backward communities pursuing careers in the Armed forces and civil services.
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