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You are here : home > Pregnancy > Medical Aspects of Pregnancy > Oxytocin

Oxytocin


Oxytocin is a hormone that is used in pregnancy for different purposes. Get informed about the different uses and the side effects of Oxytocin in pregnancy.

Oxytocin has plenty of uses in pregnancy. While it is used to terminate pregnancy, it is also used to enhance or induce labour. Oxytocin plays the similar role like Oxytocin hormone produced by the body. Oxytocin is often used as an alternative to other medications and procedures.

Oxytocin, on the other hand, is used for induction of maintenance of labour and controlling bleeding and uterine hypotonicity in the third labour stage.  It has contributed significantly to the safety of labour (and is used in inducing labour).  However, there have been instances of idiosyncratic sensitivity of the uterus resulting in foetal anoxia.

In case you feel the medication is making you ill in any ways, you must bring it to the notice of your obstetrician. He shall know if it suits you and offer you the right doses.

Is Oxytocin Suitable for You?

Well, you must be informed that this medicine does not suit everyone. In case you experience discomforts of any types, you must discontinue its use. Your healthcare professional shall be the only right person to suggest you this drug.

Here are some conditions that he shall look into:
  • You must not exhibit any sensitive reaction to the drug.
  • Your obstetrician will examine if the Oxytocin is actually making your uterine contractions weak.
  • This is not suitable for those with heart ailments.
  • Your obstetrician shall not prescribe you Oxytocin if you had vaginal prostaglandins in less than 6 hours.
  • If you had any previous history of liver problem, kidney problem or high blood pressure.
  • If you have chances of formation of clots all through your body.
  • In case you have toxaemia of pregnancy.
Oxytocin is suggested in different phases of pregnancy and only after careful consideration of different factors. He shall weigh all the risks and benefits to your child and you under specific conditions.

General Precautions

Patients receiving Oxytocin must be monitored closely by the healthcare professionals. A qualified professional shall be able to identify the possible complications.
  • Oxytocin when administered in the right way shall stimulate contractions in uterine similar to that in normal labour.
  • Improper administration can lead to over stimulation of the muscles in uterus that can harm the foetus as well as the mother.
  • Hypertonic contractions are common even when Oxytocin has been administered following the right measures. This is particularly true in patients whose uterine are highly sensitive to the drug.
  • Cases of maternal deaths resulting from subarachnoid haemorrhage, hypertensive episodes, foetal deaths, uterus rupture due to different causes have been linked with Oxytocin drug use to induce labour or for augmenting the second or first stages of labour.
  • Oxytocin is noted to show intrinsic antidiuretic effect and tends to increase re-absorption of water from glomerular filtrate. Thus, chances of water intoxication must not be ruled out when the drug is continuously administered with cyclopropane anaesthesia.
Reactions Reported with Use of Oxytocin in Pregnnacy

Mothers are reported to experience the following symptoms:
  • Pelvic hematoma
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fatal afibrinogenemia
  • Anaphylactic reaction
  • Cardiac arrhythmia
  • Premature ventricular contractions
Foetus inside are reported to experience the following symptoms:
  • Brain damage or Permanent CNS
  • Bradycardia
  • Death
  • Premature ventricular contractions
Oxytocin is generally prescribed if a woman had experienced tremendous bleeding in her previous child birth. The drug is routinely prescribed during second childbirth to prevent occurrence of similar case of bleeding. Some birth centres suggest use of the drug when labour has been taking long or in case the 2nd stage of pushing has been delayed. These are the factors that increase chances of bleeding in women.

Make sure to have a detailed discussion about use of the drug in your pregnancy. You can put forward all your doubts and concerns associated with its use.

What is Oxytocin? What are the uses of Oxytocin during pregnancy? What are side effects of using Oxytocin during pregnancy? Discuss here.

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6 Comments
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Keith.4 years ago
when is oxytocin given for inducing the labour?
 
 
 
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Myra.4 years ago
what is the use of drug oxytocin?
 
 
 
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Olifer.4 years ago
when is oxytoxin given?
 
 
 
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