Read on to learn what
causes nose bleeding in pregnant women and steps to deal with nose bleeds
The thought of impending
motherhood fills a woman with great joy during pregnancy. However, it is also a
time which is sometimes filled with discomfort and inconveniences. There is
interplay of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone in the pregnant
woman right from conception till the delivery
of the newborn. These hormones are responsible for many physical and emotional
changes in the pregnant woman.
There is a rise in the total
amount of blood being pumped by the heart. Some of these changes may be
distressing and uncomfortable. Among them is nose bleeding in
pregnancy which is also referred to as epitaxis. This leads us to wonder as to
why nose bleeds during pregnancy occur? Epitaxis in pregnant women is not only
unpleasant to bear, it can also cause a lot of stress for the expecting mother.
However, it is important to remember that nose bleeds or epitaxis in pregnancy
is a normal symptom and therefore not a cause for concern. You should worry
about nose bleeds only if they are
Causes for Nose Bleeds during
High levels of estrogen and
progesterone circulating in your body increase the blood flow to the mucous
membrane in the nose. The congestion normally lasts till after delivery. Let us
have a look at the causes for nose
bleeds during pregnancy.
Volume of Blood
There is a large increase in the
total volume of blood in the body of the pregnant woman. The growing foetus in
the womb gets all its nutrients from the blood of the mother. The body deals
with this growing demand for blood by an increased cardiac output and activity.
As there is a rise in the total amount of blood in the body, the blood vessels
expand to the rising blood volume. This may lead to an increased blood pressure
on the delicate blood vessels located within the nose. As a result, the
membrane lining the nasal opening may swell up and bleed causing nose bleeds in
the pregnant woman.
Temperature of the
The temperature of the surrounding
area is also a reason for nose bleeds in pregnancy. If the temperature around
the pregnant woman is on the higher side, for example in summer, then nose
bleeds could occur. The nasal membrane becomes dry owing to the heat and breaks
up leading to a nose bleed. If the body is not well hydrated, especially in the
summers, nose bleeds may
the pregnant woman is experiencing any kind of allergies, cold, swollen or
tender sinuses then the nasal membrane could also dry up. This can cause
epitaxis during pregnancy. Allergy to dust might initiate a bout of sneezing
and blowing of the nose. The nerves lining the nasal membrane may get further
aggravated, setting off a nose bleed.
Nasal Sprays and Somoking
can make one susceptible to nosebleeds in pregnancy. Nasal sprays and decongestants
are known to cause epitaxis during pregnancy. Additionally, smoking
or even passive smoking and using strong perfumes can trigger off nose bleeds
for Dealing with Nose Bleeds during
Here are some tips for
dealing with nose bleeds during
The first thing to do is not to
panic and try and keep calm. Nose bleeding in pregnancy is perfectly natural
and nothing to be too alarmed about.
Never tilt yourself backward as
the blood will flow back to your throat and you may ingest the
Ensure that your head is always at a higher level
than your body.
You can bend your body, but do not
bend it too low, avoiding placing your head between your legs.
Squeeze your nostrils gently for
about 10 seconds and then release them. If only the nostril on one side is
bleeding, then pinch that nostril for the same amount of time and release
Never attempt to blow your nose as it may lead to an excess
of nose bleeding in pregnancy.
You can apply an ice pack wrapped
in a soft cloth or towel on the nose bleed as well as forehead and cheeks. This
will reduce the bleeding as well as work to cool off the heat in the
Do not take any medicine for either blood clotting or
thinning when your nose is bleeding in pregnancy.
Do not use nasal sprays to
alleviate those symptoms, without consulting your doctor.
If the nose bleeding persists for
more than 30 minutes, then seek medical help
Therefore, nose bleeding during pregnancy
is a normal phenomenon and nothing to be unduly worried about. Effective
treatment for bleeding noses in pregnancy requires that you should be prepared
and know exactly the right steps to take when you get a nose bleed in
What are the common causes of
nose bleeds during pregnancy? How to prevent nose bleeds during pregnancy?
Which are the safe home remedies for dealing with bleeding nose during
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- The Indiaparenting Team