Eczema is not only prevalent in adults but also in children and small infants. Read on to learn more about the causes, symptoms and treatments for eczema in children and infants.
It is natural for parents to get concerned when they see eczema spreading all over the body of an infant. But there is no need to worry. With early intervention and right management, it is possible to get rid of this problem. Eczema which is also known as atopic dermatitis is a common problem in babies and children. Here is some information that will help you to understand the common causes behind this problem and tips for providing relief to small infants and children from this issue.
What is eczema?
Eczema is a rash that appears on the face, behind the knees and on the inner sides of the arms and wrists. It is an itchy, dry and scaly rash. In a very bad case, it may ooze profusely. It can be caused by a cold, a sleepless night or an upset stomach. Infantile eczema is often linked to asthma. They are both allergic conditions and are very likely to be hereditary.
What are the causes of eczema in infants and children?
As mentioned above, eczema is more likely to be hereditary. If any of the parents or family members is coping with eczema, there are more chances of baby suffering from it. Babies may also become susceptible to eczema in case of the family history of hay fever or asthma. This condition can also get triggered due to environmental factors. Eczema can set-off if baby comes in contact with the things that trigger the immune system giving rise to itching, rashes and redness of skin. Here is a list of some of the things that can trigger eczema in babies.
Pollens, dust or pet dander
Dryness of skin
Even some food items can trigger eczema in babies and children. These food items can also trigger eczema even if it enters baby’s system through breastmilk. Here is the list of some of the common food items that can trigger eczema in babies and children.
Above food items are some of the common food items that can trigger eczema. But, there are other food items as well which can trigger your baby’s immune system as each baby is unique. If you suspect any other food causing allergy like eczema in your baby, you can avoid that food item and consult your doctor.
What is the treatment for eczema?
The first thing to do is to consult a dermatologist. He will probably prescribe some mild creams and ointments that you should apply to the affected areas. You can follow certain steps in the daily care of your baby. Do not use too much soap and water as this dries the skin. Instead, you could use cotton wool soaked in baby lotion. Be very particular about hygiene, especially in the diaper area and the face. Remember that wool irritates the skin and can aggravate eczema.
How to prevent eczema in children?
In order to prevent eczema in children it is very important to know the triggers. If you have noticed that the eczema in your child is triggered due to some food, you can completely avoid that food item. You should also make sure that such food is not used as an ingredient for making any other food item. Also make sure that you trim your child’s nails regularly as scratching the itchy skin can worsen the condition. Make sure that your child skin does not get very dry and does not get in contact with dust, pollens and other things that can trigger eczema.
With doctors help it will be very easy to manage eczema in your child. Therefore, if you notice any eczema like symptoms, report to your doctor immediately. Avoid trying any over the counter medicines or home remedies in order to prevent any kind of risk.
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- The Indiaparenting Team