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You are here : home > Stories > Great Indian Personalities > Sarojini Naidu: the nightingale of India

Sarojini Naidu: the nightingale of India

Sarojini Naidu is a personality that no Indian can forget. She is known as “The nightingale of India”. She was beyond doubt one of the gems of India whom Indians feel proud of even today. Read on to learn various aspects of Sarojini Naidu’s persona.

As soon as one mentions the name of Sarojini Naidu, ‘the nightingale of India’ flashes in mind. Well, Sarojini Naidu has many more distinctive achievements in life that most of us are not aware of today. She was a well known political leader and had contributed in the struggle for
India’s independence as well as played a vital role after independence also.


Sarojini Naidu was the eldest child of Dr. Aghornath Chattopadhyaya, who was a scientist, philosopher and educator. She was born on February 13, 1879. Her father was the founder of Nizam College of Hyderabad and her mother was a Bengali poetess. Sarojini had started writing impressive poetry from a very early age and was even granted scholarship from the Nizam of Hyderabad and she got admission in the King’s College of England.

Sarojini Naidu married Muthyala Govindrajulu Naidu at the time when inter-caste marriage was not allowed in India. This was a revolutionary step specially because the Indian society was extremely conservative at that time. However, her successful marriage always pulled back others to point out on this issue or on her life.


Sarojini Naidu was the first Indian woman who was appointed as the first woman president of Indian National Congress. As a freedom fighter she was totally committed and during this time period she met many famous freedom fighters and politicians of India. She had a very good bonding and relationship with all of them.

As a freedom fighter

Sarojini Naidu tried to stir people on social welfare, women empowerment, nationalism and emancipation. She also tried her best to help and support the indigo workers in Champaran because they were subject to brutality and subjugation.

Sarojini Naidu has a big hand in awakening women of India at the time they were struggling for freedom. She tried to re-establish self esteem in every woman she came across and tried to convey all that justice is everyone’s right. She travelled from city to city and state to state to awaken women of India and bring the inspiration of attaining freedom from British even in the mind and heart of Indian women.

Sarojini Naidu played a vital role during the Civil Disobedience Movement and was also sent to jail along with Gandhiji and other leaders. She gave up writing and fully devoted herself for the cause of freedom and emancipation of women, Hindu-Muslim unity and education.

After independence, Sarojini Naidu was appointed as the first woman governor of Uttar Pradesh.

As a poet

As a great poet Sarojini Naidu published many volumes of poetry. Some of them are

  • The Golden Threshold
  • The Broken Wing
  • The Bird of Time
These collections attracted both, Indian and British readership in huge number at that time.

It is rarely seen that two such contradictory aspects are present in one person. On one hand she was a brave freedom fighter who did all she could to help India attain freedom and on the other hand wrote beautiful poems. Not only this, even though she was going through such a tough time in her life, she was known for her wit and humour.

One of the aspects of Sarojini Naidu is not well known among many. She had very fine artistic sense and love for silk and jewelry. But during her national struggle for freedom, she gave up everything and wore only ‘khadi’.

Why is Sarojini Naidu known as ‘The nightingale of India? How did Sarojini Naidu participate in India’s freedom struggle? What activities did she carry out for women empowerment? Discuss here.

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