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Fertility Issues Topics..

You are here : home > Fertility Issues > Male Infertility > Semen Analysis

Semen Analysis

Semen Analysis

What is semen analysis

While a positive post-coital test result will indicate that the sperm count is normal, an analysis of the semen itself is the most basic test that can be carried out on your husband

How is the test carried out

A semen sample will be collected by asking your husband to masturbate directly into a special sterile container. There is no point trying to collect a sample by withdrawal at intercourse as some of the initial part of the ejaculate is lost. Transferring a sample from a condom does not help either as most sheaths these days contain a potent spermicide. Some specialists recommend that you abstain from intercourse for a few days before the sample is collected. However, others feel that it is better to follow your normal pattern of intercourse. The semen sample should be  kept warm and should be delivered to the laboratory for testing within one hour of production.  After the sample volume has been measured, the following calculations are carried out.

  • The number of sperm per milliliter (ml).
  • The percentage of sperm showing normal forward progressive movements (motility).
  • The percentage of abnormal sperm. 

What are the indications for normal semen

A normal semen analysis will show:

  • A volume greater than 2 ml.
  • A count of more than 30 million sperm per ml
  • A motility greater than 60% within one hour of production 
  • An abnormality rate of less than 25%

What if the semen analysis results are not normal

If your husband's semen analysis falls short of the figures given above, it does not imply that a pregnancy will be unlikely. Different samples from your husband will show different results. This is why a reduced semen analysis will always be checked with 1 or 2 repeat tests. Changes in his general health 10 weeks before the collection of the sample can affect the sperm count and motility. . For example, if he has had an illness like 'flu, it can reduce both the count and motility in a sample produced 10 weeks later, as this is the time taken for sperm to reach maturity. A repeat sample tested after an additional 2-3 months could very well be normal.

What will the results of the semen analysis tell me

If your husband has a good quality semen sample with a count of 10 million per ml and your own fertility is normal, then statistically it will take up to 6 years for you to become pregnant. If this count is 20 million per ml and of good quality it will take up to 3 years, and at 30 million per ml a pregnancy should occur within a year. But keep in mind that these are generalizations that cannot be blindly applied to every couple. The quality of the semen is always more important than the quantity of sperm per ml.

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sid.5 years ago

my semen analysis shows volume 1 ml, ph 7.6, sperm count 55 million/cmm, motility grade 1 - 10%, grade 2 - 10%, grade 3 - 10%, grade 4 - 20% & non motile - 50%, abnormal forms total 15%, are these values good for having a baby, please revert
niks.5 years ago
I am 38 yrs. old, my recent semen analysis showed- volume -2ml; colour -milky; odour - fishy; reaction - alkaline; liquefaction time 30 min.;viscosity - viscous; semen fructose - present; total sperm count - 2-4 sluglishly motile sperm/HPF; Actively motile - Nil; sluggishly motile - 1-2/ HPF; Non-motile - 1-2/HPF; Normal - 80%; Abnorma -20%; Pus Cells- 2-3/HPF; Epithelial cells - 1-2/HPF; Testicular Cells - Nil; RBC - Nil. Please suggest how I can increase my sperm count effectively.
Srikumar.5 years ago
Recently(22/07/2014) i did semen analysis test,
Am 42 years old man,
It shows Volume 2 ml,PH 7.6,concentration 60 millions/ml,Progressive 53%,Immotile 47%,Total Motile count 63.6 millions,Staining negative.2m/ml,Vilatlity 83% (Live),Morphology 2%
Kindly let me know am eligible for to produce a baby.
khan.6 years ago
my semen analysis volume 3.5 ml sperm count 03 millions/ml. sperm motillity 01. active 32% 02.sluggish 10% 03. inactive 58% sperm morphology 01. normal forms 32% 02> abnormal 68% plz tell me im able to pregnent my wife plz suggest a treatment
khan.6 years ago
my semen analysis volume 3.5 ml sperm count 03 millions/ml. sperm motillity 01. active 32% 02.sluggish 10% 03. inactive 58% sperm morphology 01. normal forms 32% 02> abnormal 68% plz tell me im able to pregnent my wife plz suggest a treatment
sadia f
sadia f.6 years ago
i am again clearing the data,
sperm motility active 35, sluggish 15 inactive 50 and sperm morphology normal 90 and abnormal 10 thanx
sadia f
sadia f.6 years ago
report of semen analysis of my husbad is as
time of ejaculation 15 mints
2.vol 3.5ml
3.viscosity thick
4.color greysh alkaline
6.sperm count 120 ml
7.sperm motility active 35
8.sluggish 15
9.inactive 50
10.sperm morphoogy normal 90
11.cytology pus cells 0.1
plz tell me is it normal or not , plz suggest treatment for increase the no of motility....can i be preganant or not from semen of my hubby.thanx
shekar.6 years ago
Hi Doc
my age is 37 years
Yesterday i took semen analysis test, reports are like that

Macroscopic Examination
volume: 3 ml
Color : Pale white, Opaque
PH : 8.0
Liquefaction Time: 30 mins
Microscopic Examination
Count - 45 millions/ml
Morphology - 50% Normal
- 50% Abnormal
Motility Active Sluggish Dead
1/2 hr 30% 40% 30%
1 hr 20% 30% 50%
2 hr 20% 30% 50%


Pus Cells 20 - 25 cells/hpf
Epithelial Cells 0-1/hpf
RBC's nil

can u please tell me the status of the report, is it ok or not for fertility.

My office doctor suggested that to take OFLOSTAR 200 tablets morning and night for 21 days to reduce the Pus Cells which is around 20-25, is it advisable to take this tablet, is there any side effects with this tablets.
kapi.6 years ago
Hi Doc,
I had done Semen analysis,
the result is :
quantity 2 ml
Viscosity: slightly increse
colour: creamy white
pH: alkaline
liquefaction time: 45min
Sperm count : 32 million/ml
nonmotile: 50%
Abnormal forms: 10%
pus cells: 2-4/HPF
RBCs: 0-2/HPF
Please suggest me what to do for trements.
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