Infertility treatment options depend on the
causes of infertility which may be due to male infertility or female
infertility. Based on the exact cause of infertility, a treatment plan is made.
Here are some treatment options of infertility, read on to know better.
Today there are various infertility
treatment options available for a couple to have a child of their own. The
exact infertility treatment plan will vary from case to case depending upon the
exact cause or causes of infertility. Treatment plan will also depend upon
whether the cause of infertility is from the female side, the male side, on
both sides, or if it is unexplained.
Statistically 85% to 90% of couples dealing with infertility
require simple techniques like medication or surgery. Only a small percentage
of infertile couples require to be treated with Assisted Reproductive
Technologies, like IVF.
Following are some the treatment options for infertility.
Ovulation disorders are responsible for almost 25% of female
infertility. The first line of treatment to correct ovulation issues is
medication. With the help of fertility drugs a woman can ovulate 75% of the
time. Some of the most popularly used fertility drugs to induce and improve
Clomid - Clomid
is the first drug which most doctors use in treatment of infertility in women.
Research has indicated that 40% of couples using Clomid get pregnant within six
cycles of use.
Femara - This
is another medicine which is effective in inducing women with ovulatory
disorders. Although the success rate of using Femara is almost the same as that
of Clomid, medical studies have indicated the possibility of a link between use
of Femara and an increased risk of birth defects.
- Gonadotropins include FSH, LH, or a combination of the two. These hormonal
medications are normally used when clomiphene citrate fails or if the pituitary
gland is unable to create LH and FSH on its own. These medications are often
used during IVF procedures also.
Surgery is the only solution for infertility associated with
problems of the fallopian tubes or with the lining of the pelvis and abdomen.
For example if blockage of fallopian tube is diagnosed during the
hysterosalpingogram test a laparoscopic surgery may be immediately performed to
correct the problem.
IUI - Intrauterine Insemination
insemination also known as artificial insemination is a procedure which
involves putting the specially washed sperm directly into the uterus. This
treatment is used in certain cases of male factor infertility, when there are
problems with the woman's cervical mucus, or in cases of unexplained
infertility. The success rate of IUI is not very high although it is far more
cost effective as compared to IVF.
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) refers to infertility
treatment involving the embryos or the eggs. These include IVF, GIFT,
and ZIFT. IVF is the most common form of ART in use today.
During the IVF - in vitro fertilisation procedure fertility
drugs are used to stimulate the ovaries to produce eggs. Once a sufficient
number of good quality eggs are produced, the eggs are retrieved from the
woman's ovaries in an out-patient procedure. Thereafter, the eggs are placed
together with sperm and left for fertilisation to take place. After fertilisation,
one to three embryos are directly placed inside the woman's uterus.
GIFT and ZIFT are two more ART techniques. In GIFT - Gamete
intra-fallopian transfer, the egg and sperm are placed together into one of the
woman's fallopian tubes for fertilisation. In case of ZIFT- zygote
Intra-fallopian transfer, the zygote is placed in one of the fallopian tubes.
This is usually done via laparoscopic surgery.
Couples trying to have a baby with the help of various
infertility treatment options must take into considerations two important
aspects before deciding upon the line of treatment- age of the woman and cost
of treatment. Based on these two factors and in consultation with a doctor it
would be possible for a couple to decide the best course of action suitable to